Global Tetanus Scientific Publications

Updated March 20, 2023

These scientific publications are authored or co-authored by CDC scientists and/or funded by CDC’s Global Immunization Division, Center for Global Health.


Field investigation of high reported non-neonatal tetanus burden in Uganda, 2016–2017.
Casey RM, Nguna J, Opar B. et al. International Journal of Epidemiology. 2023;dyad005.

Tetanus and Diphtheria Seroprotection among Children Younger Than 15 Years in Nigeria, 2018: Who Are the Unprotected Children?
Tohme RA, Scobie HM, Okunromade O, et al. Vaccines. 2023;11(3):663.


Progress toward achieving and sustaining maternal and neonatal tetanus elimination — Worldwide, 2000–2020.
Kanu FA, Yusuf N, Kossague M, Ahmed B, and Tohme RA. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2022;71:406–411. doi: 10.15585/mmwr.mm7111a2.

Sustaining Maternal and Neonatal Tetanus Elimination (MNTE) in countries that have been validated for elimination — Progress and challenges.
Yusuf N, Steinglass R, Gasse F, et al. BMC Public Health. 2022;22(1):691. doi: 10.1186/s12889-022-13110-2.


The incremental cost, impact and cost-effectiveness of sustaining maternal and neonatal tetanus elimination in 59 priority countries from 2020-2030.
Abstract presentation at: International Health Economics Association Congress; July 12-15, 2021; virtual.

Progress and barriers toward maternal and neonatal tetanus elimination in the remaining 12 countries: A systematic review.
Yusuf N, Raza A, Chang-Blanc D, et al. Lancet Glob Health. 2021;9(11):e1610-e1617. doi: 10.1016/S2214-109X(21)00338-7.


Seroprevalence of chronic hepatitis B virus infection and immunity to measles, rubella, tetanus and diphtheria among schoolchildren aged 6-7 years old in the Solomon Islands, 2016.
Breakwell L, Anga J, Cooley G, et al. Vaccine. 2020;38(30):4679-4686. doi: 10.1016/j.vaccine.2020.05.029.

Use of tetanus-diphtheria (Td) vaccine in children 4-7 years of age: World Health Organization consultation of experts.
Desai S, Scobie HM, Cherian T, Goodman T, Expert Group on the Use of Td vaccine in Childhood. Vaccine.  2020;38(21):3800-3807. doi: 10.1016/j.vaccine.2020.01.018.

Seroprevalence of measles, rubella, tetanus, and diphtheria antibodies among children in Haiti, 2017.
Minta AA, Andre-Alboth J, Childs L, et al. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2020;103(4):1717-1725. doi: 10.4269/ajtmh.20-0112.

Progress toward maternal and neonatal tetanus elimination - Worldwide, 2000-2018.
Njuguna HN, Yusuf N, Raza AA, Ahmed B, Tohme RA. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2020; 69(17):515-520. doi: 10.15585/mmwr.mm6917a2.

Selection From Previous Years

High tetanus burden among men—Uganda 2017.
Casey R, Nguna J, Toliva O, et al. International Conference on Emerging Infectious Diseases; August 2018; Atlanta, GA. [page 246]

Notes from the field: Tetanus cases after voluntary medical male circumcision for HIV prevention — Eastern and Southern Africa, 2012–2015.
Grund JM, Toledo C, Davis SM, et al. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2016; 65(2): 36–37. doi: 10.15585/mmwr.mm6502a5.

Progress towards achieving and maintaining maternal and neonatal tetanus elimination in the African region.
Ridpath AD, Scobie HM, Shibeshi ME, et al. The Pan African Medical Journal. 2017;27(Supp3):24. doi: 10.11604/pamj.supp.2017.27.3.11783.

Tetanus immunity among women aged 15 to 39 years in Cambodia: A national population-based serosurvey, 2012.
Scobie HM, Mao B, Buth S, et al. Clin Vaccine Immunol. 2016;23(7):546-54. doi: 10.1128/CVI.00052-16.

Tetanus immunity gaps in children 5-14 years and men ≥ 15 years of age revealed by integrated disease serosurveillance in Kenya, Tanzania, and Mozambique.
Scobie HM, Patel M, Martin D, et al. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2017;96(2):415-420. doi: 10.4269/ajtmh.16-0452.