How CDC Improves Quality of Life for People With Arthritis

couple riding bikes

Fast Facts

  • In the United States, 23% of all adults—over 54 million people—have arthritis.
  • About 24 million adults are limited in their activities from arthritis, and more than 1 in 4 adults with arthritis report severe joint pain.
  • Arthritis commonly occurs with other chronic diseases, like diabetes, heart disease, and obesity, and can make it harder for people to manage these conditions.
  • CDC works to prevent pain and disability in people with arthritis, especially those affected by health disparities, which are differences in health across different geographic, racial, ethnic, and socioeconomic groups.

In the United States, 23% of all adults, or more than 54 million people, have arthritis. It is a leading cause of work disability. The annual direct medical costs are at least $140 billion.

The most common form of arthritis is osteoarthritis. Other forms include gout, rheumatoid arthritis, and lupus. Symptoms of arthritis are pain, aching, stiffness, and swelling in or around the joints. Rheumatoid arthritis and lupus can affect multiple organs and cause widespread symptoms.

Sixty percent of US adults with arthritis are of working age (18 to 64 years). Arthritis can limit the type of work they are able to do or keep them from working at all. In fact, 8 million working-age adults report that their ability to work is limited because of their arthritis. For example, they may have a hard time climbing stairs or walking from a parking deck to their workplace.

CDC conducts research and supports programs for people with arthritis so they can work and do other daily activities, have less pain, manage their own care, and prevent or delay disability.

Measuring How Many People Are Affected by Arthritis

CDC’s Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System and National Health Interview Survey collect data on the number and percentage of adults who have arthritis, whether the numbers or percentages are going up or down, and how the disease affects people’s quality of life. CDC’s Arthritis Program uses these data to help guide public health decisions about the best ways to help adults with arthritis.

Promoting Interventions That Reduce Arthritis Pain

CDC recommends several proven approaches to reduce arthritis pain:

  • Join a self-management education program, such as the Chronic Disease Self-Management Program, that teaches the skills and confidence to live well with arthritis every day.
  • Be active. Physical activity—such as walking, bicycling, and swimming—decreases arthritis pain and improves function, mood, and quality of life. Adults with arthritis should move more and sit less throughout the day. Getting at least 150 minutes of moderate-intensity physical activity each week is recommended. However, any physical activity is better than none. CDC-recommended physical activity programs can improve health for participants with arthritis.
  • Maintain a healthy weight. People can reduce their risk of knee osteoarthritis by controlling their weight.
  • Protect your joints. People can help prevent osteoarthritis by avoiding activities that are more likely to cause joint injuries.
  • Talk with a doctor. Recommendations from health care providers can motivate people to be physically active and join a self-management education program. People with inflammatory arthritis, such as rheumatoid arthritis, have a better quality of life if they are diagnosed early, receive treatment, and learn how to manage their condition.
In the United States:
4 adults


has arthritis.
knee pain


with arthritis reports
severe joint pain.
prescription bottle and money


is spent on direct
medical costs
each year.

Increasing Access and Use of Interventions That Work

smiling woman exercising outdoors

Thirteen states use CDC funding to expand the reach of proven arthritis self-management education and physical activity programs and sustain them over time. States also use CDC funding to increase health care provider counseling about the benefits of physical activity for arthritis management, promote walking, and encourage referral of patients with arthritis to proven intervention programs.

CDC also works with national organizations to expand the use of these proven interventions for adults with arthritis. For example, the National Recreation and Park Association has offered support to at least 240 local park agencies in 48 states and American Samoa to deliver the Arthritis Foundation Exercise Program, Active Living Every Day, Fit & Strong!, or Walk With Ease Program.

In addition, the YMCA of the USA (the Y) continues to build a national infrastructure to support and expand delivery of the EnhanceFitnessExternal program at local YMCAs and in surrounding communities. EnhanceFitness has been shown to improve physical functioning, mood, and social functioning for adults with arthritis. The Y has adopted EnhanceFitness as a signature program and offers classes at more than 380 YMCA sites and nearly 60 non-YMCA sites in 45 states.

The Y is also participating in efforts to reduce health disparities by bringing EnhanceFitness to more local YMCAs in low-income and underserved communities. These local YMCAs receive intensive technical help and small grants to offset training and start-up costs.

Funded states and national organizations have reached over 200,000 adults with these programs, which reduce arthritis symptoms and improve arthritis management and quality of life.

Page last reviewed: January 30, 2019