6 Strategies to Live a Heart-Healthy Lifestyle
CDC’s National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion
6 Strategies to Live a
When you choose healthy behaviors, you can lower your heart disease risk while also preventing other serious chronic conditions like type 2 diabetes and some kinds of cancer.
Learn Your Health History
Know your risks and talk
to your family and doctor
about your health history.
Eat a Healthy Diet
Make healthy food choices like
more fruits, vegetables, whole
grains, lean meats, and low-fat
dairy products. Eat less salt,
saturated fat, and added sugar.
Move More, Sit Less
Get at least 150 minutes of
activity every week, plus
at least 2 days a week.
Take Medicines as Directed
If you take medicine to treat high cholesterol, high blood pressure, or diabetes, follow your doctor’s instructions carefully. Always ask questions if you don’t understand something. Never stop taking your medicine without talking to your doctor, nurse, or pharmacist.
Rethink Your Drink
Substitute water for sugary drinks to reduce calories. If you drink alcohol, do so in moderation.
KNOW YOUR LDL CHOLESTEROL LEVELS
High levels of LDL, often called “bad,” cholesterol, show no signs or symptoms but cause fatty build up in the arteries which can lead to heart attack and stroke. Know your levels and talk to your doctor about what they mean for you.
Talk to your doctor!
Preventing high blood cholesterol begins with understanding your risk. A first step is to get screened and know your family’s heart health history.
People who have high blood cholesterol may need to take cholesterol-reducing medicines. Your doctor can answer questions about medicines and other ways to manage high blood cholesterol.
Managing your cholesterol should be an ongoing conversation with your doctor as you work through a management plan together.