EMERGENCY MEDICAL SERVICES WORKERS
Reports and Publications
Exposure and personal protective equipment (PPE)
A story of impact: NIOSH research recommendations are incorporated into national standards to enhance protection for EMS responders
NIOSH Publication No. 2010-161: October 2010
Researchers at NIOSH, along with external partners, conducted a series of investigations as the basis for recommending specific mission-based criteria for protecting EMS responders during medical operations.
Management practices and risk of occupational blood exposure in U.S. paramedics: needlesticks
American Journal of Industrial Medicine: September 2010 / 53(9):866-874
The purpose of this study was to present risk estimates for needlesticks in U.S. paramedics and estimated risk ratios for selected management practices.
Preventing exposures to bloodborne pathogens among paramedics
NIOSH Publication No. 2010-139: April 2010
A national survey of 2,664 paramedics contributed new information about their risk of exposure to blood and identified opportunities to control exposures and prevent infections.
The national study to prevent blood exposure in paramedics: rates of exposure to blood
International Archives of Environmental and Occupational Health: February 2010 / 83(2):191-199
Data from a survey on blood exposure were analyzed to present incidence rates of exposure to blood among paramedics in the United States by selected variables and to compare all percutaneous exposure rates among different types of healthcare workers.
Management practices and risk of occupational blood exposure in U.S. paramedics: non-intact skin exposure
Annals of Epidemiology: December 2009 / 19(12):884-890
This study was conducted to estimate the risk of blood exposure to non-intact skin in U.S. paramedics and to estimate risk ratios for selected management practices.
Circumstances surrounding occupational blood exposure events in the National Study to Prevent Blood Exposure in Paramedics
Industrial Health: March 2009 / 47(2):139-144
A mail survey was conducted to describe blood exposure events among U.S. paramedics.
Provision and use of personal protective equipment and safety devices in the National Study to Prevent Blood Exposure in Paramedics
American Journal of Infection Control: December 2008 / 36(10):743-749
This study examined how often paramedics were provided with personal protective equipment (PPE), sharps containers, and selected safety devices by their employers; the frequency with which paramedics used sharps containers and these safety devices; and paramedics' attitudes regarding this equipment.
The national study to prevent blood exposure in paramedics: exposure reporting
American Journal of Industrial Medicine: March 2008 / 51(3):213-222
This survey was conducted to provide national incidence rates and risk factors for exposure to blood among paramedics. The analysis assessed reporting of exposures to EMS employers.
Blood exposure among paramedics: incidence rates from the national study to prevent blood exposure in paramedics
Annals of Epidemiology: September 2006 / 16(9):720-725
The aim of the study was to estimate incidence rates of occupational blood exposure by route of exposure (needlesticks; cuts from sharp objects; mucous membrane exposures to the eyes, nose, or mouth; bites; and blood contact with nonintact skin) in US and California paramedics.
Blood-borne pathogens among firefighters and emergency medical technicians
Prehospital Emergency Care: April-June 2005 / 9(2):236-247
The authors conducted a literature review of occupational blood exposures, the seroprevalence of blood-borne pathogens among firefighters and EMS workers, and the seroprevalence of blood-borne pathogens among the patients they serve.
- Page last reviewed: June 23, 2014
- Page last updated: June 28, 2012
- Content source:
- National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Division of Safety Research