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Turpentine

Synonyms & Trade Names
Gumspirits, Gum turpentine, Spirits of turpentine, Steam distilled turpentine, Sulfate wood turpentine, Turps, Wood turpentine
CAS No.
8006-64-2
RTECS No.
YO8400000
DOT ID & Guide
1299 128
Formula
C10H16 (approx)
Conversion
1 ppm = 5.56 mg/m3 (approx)
IDLH
800 ppm
See: 8006642
Exposure Limits
NIOSH REL
: TWA 100 ppm (560 mg/m3)
OSHA PEL
: TWA 100 ppm (560 mg/m3)
Measurement Methods

NIOSH 1551
See: NMAM or OSHA Methods
Physical Description
Colorless liquid with a characteristic odor.
MW:
136 (approx)
BP:
309-338°F
FRZ:
-58 to -76°F
Sol:
Insoluble
VP:
4 mmHg
IP:
?
Sp.Gr:
0.86
Fl.P:
95°F
UEL:
?
LEL:
0.8%
Class IC Flammable Liquid: Fl.P. at or above 73°F and below 100°F.
Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Strong oxidizers, chlorine, chromic anhydride, stannic chloride, chromyl chloride
Exposure Routes
inhalation, skin absorption, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms
irritation eyes, skin, nose, throat; headache, dizziness, convulsions; skin sensitization; hematuria (blood in the urine), proteinuria; kidney damage; abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea; chemical pneumonitis (aspiration liquid)
Target Organs
Eyes, skin, respiratory system, central nervous system, kidneys
Personal Protection/Sanitation
(See protection codes)
Skin: Prevent skin contact
Eyes: Prevent eye contact
Wash skin: When contaminated
Remove: When wet (flammable)
Change: No recommendation
First Aid
(See procedures)
Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Soap wash promptly
Breathing: Respiratory support
Swallow: Medical attention immediately
Respirator Recommendations

NIOSH/OSHA

Up to 800 ppm:
(APF = 25) Any supplied-air respirator operated in a continuous-flow mode£
(APF = 25) Any powered, air-purifying respirator with organic vapor cartridge(s)£
(APF = 50) Any chemical cartridge respirator with a full facepiece and organic vapor cartridge(s)
(APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or back-mounted organic vapor canister
(APF = 50) Any self-contained breathing apparatus with a full facepiece
(APF = 50) Any supplied-air respirator with a full facepiece

Emergency or planned entry into unknown concentrations or IDLH conditions:
(APF = 10,000) Any self-contained breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode
(APF = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained positive-pressure breathing apparatus

Escape:
(APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or back-mounted organic vapor canister
Any appropriate escape-type, self-contained breathing apparatus

Important additional information about respirator selection

See also: INTRODUCTION   See ICSC CARD: 1063
 
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