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Nickel carbonyl

Synonyms & Trade Names
Nickel tetracarbonyl, Tetracarbonyl nickel
CAS No.
13463-39-3
RTECS No.
QR6300000
DOT ID & Guide
1259 131
Formula
Ni(CO)4
Conversion
1 ppm = 6.98 mg/m3
IDLH
Ca [2 ppm]
See: 13463393
Exposure Limits
NIOSH REL
Ca TWA 0.001 ppm (0.007 mg/m3) See Appendix A
OSHA PEL
TWA 0.001 ppm (0.007 mg/m3)
Measurement Methods
NIOSH 6007
See: NMAM or OSHA Methods
Physical Description
Colorless to yellow liquid with a musty odor. [Note: A gas above 110°F.]
Molecular Weight
170.7
Boiling Point
110°F
Freezing Point
-13°F
Solubility
0.05%
Vapor Pressure
315 mmHg
Ionization Potential
8.28 eV
Specific Gravity
(63°F): 1.32
Flash Point
<-4°F
Upper Exposive Limit
?
Lower Explosive Limit
2%
Class IB Flammable Liquid: Fl.P. below 73°F and BP at or above 100°F.
Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Nitric acid, bromine, chlorine & other oxidizers; flammable materials
Exposure Routes
inhalation, ingestion, skin absorption, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms
headache, dizziness; nausea, vomiting, epigastric pain; substernal pain; cough, hyperpnea; cyanosis; lassitude (weakness, exhaustion); leukocytosis (increased blood leukocytes), pneumonitis; delirium, convulsions; ; In Animals: reproductive, teratogenic effects [potential occupational carcinogen]
Target Organs
Lungs, paranasal sinus, central nervous system, reproductive system
Cancer Site
[lung & nasal cancer]
Personal Protection/Sanitation
(See protection codes)
Skin:Prevent skin contact
Eyes:Prevent eye contact
Wash skin:When contaminated
Remove:When wet (flammable)
Change:No recommendation
Provide:Eyewash, Quick drench
First Aid
(See procedures)
Eye:Irrigate immediately
Skin:Soap wash immediately
Breathing:Respiratory support
Swallow:Medical attention immediately
Respirator Recommendations

NIOSH

At concentrations above the NIOSH REL, or where there is no REL, at any detectable concentration:
(APF = 10,000) Any self-contained breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode
(APF = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained positive-pressure breathing apparatus

Escape:
(APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or back-mounted canister providing protection against the compound of concern
Any appropriate escape-type, self-contained breathing apparatus

Important additional information about respirator selection

See also
INTRODUCTION   ICSC CARD: 0064   MEDICAL TESTS: 0155
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