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Ethyl chloride

Synonyms & Trade Names
Chloroethane, Hydrochloric ether, Monochloroethane, Muriatic ether
CAS No.
75-00-3
RTECS No.
KH7525000
DOT ID & Guide
1037 115
Formula
CH3CH2Cl
Conversion
1 ppm = 2.64 mg/m3
IDLH
3800 ppm [10%LEL]
See: 75003
Exposure Limits
NIOSH REL
Handle with caution in the workplace. See Appendix C (Chloroethanes)
OSHA PEL
TWA 1000 ppm (2600 mg/m3)
Measurement Methods
NIOSH 2519
See: NMAM or OSHA Methods
Physical Description
Colorless gas or liquid (below 54°F) with a pungent, ether-like odor. [Note: Shipped as a liquefied compressed gas.]
Molecular Weight
64.5
Boiling Point
54°F
Freezing Point
-218°F
Solubility
0.6%
Vapor Pressure
1000 mmHg
Ionization Potential
10.97 eV
Specific Gravity
0.92 (Liquid at 32°F)
Flash Point
NA (Gas) -58°F (Liquid)
Upper Exposive Limit
15.4%
Lower Explosive Limit
3.8%
Relative Gas Density
2.23
Flammable Gas
Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Chemically-active metals such as sodium, potassium, calcium, powdered aluminum, zinc & magnesium; oxidizers; water or steam [Note: Reacts with water to form hydrochloric acid.]
Exposure Routes
inhalation, skin absorption (liquid), ingestion (liquid), skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms
incoordination, inebriation; abdominal cramps; cardiac arrhythmias, cardiac arrest; liver, kidney damage
Target Organs
Liver, kidneys, respiratory system, cardiovascular system, central nervous system
Personal Protection/Sanitation
(See protection codes)
Skin:Prevent skin contact (liquid)
Eyes:Prevent eye contact (liquid)
Wash skin:No recommendation
Remove:When wet (flammable)
Change:No recommendation
First Aid
(See procedures)
Eye:Irrigate immediately (liquid)
Skin:Water flush promptly (liquid)
Breathing:Respiratory support
Swallow:Medical attention immediately (liquid)
Respirator Recommendations

OSHA

Up to 3800 ppm:
(APF = 10) Any supplied-air respirator*
(APF = 50) Any self-contained breathing apparatus with a full facepiece

Emergency or planned entry into unknown concentrations or IDLH conditions:
(APF = 10,000) Any self-contained breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode
(APF = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained positive-pressure breathing apparatus

Escape:
(APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or back-mounted organic vapor canister
Any appropriate escape-type, self-contained breathing apparatus

Important additional information about respirator selection

See also
INTRODUCTION   ICSC CARD: 0132
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