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n-Butyl alcohol

Synonyms & Trade Names
1-Butanol, n-Butanol, Butyl alcohol, 1-Hydroxybutane, n-Propyl carbinol
CAS No.
71-36-3
RTECS No.
EO1400000
DOT ID & Guide
1120 129
Formula
CH3CH2CH2CH2OH
Conversion
1 ppm = 3.03 mg/m3
IDLH
1400 ppm [10%LEL]
See: 71363
Exposure Limits
NIOSH REL
: C 50 ppm (150 mg/m3) [skin]
OSHA PEL
: TWA 100 ppm (300 mg/m3)
Measurement Methods

NIOSH 1401 , 1405;
OSHA 7
See: NMAM or OSHA Methods
Physical Description
Colorless liquid with a strong, characteristic, mildly alcoholic odor.
MW:
74.1
BP:
243°F
FRZ:
-129°F
Sol:
9%
VP:
6 mmHg
IP:
10.04 eV
Sp.Gr:
0.81
Fl.P:
84°F
UEL:
11.2%
LEL:
1.4%
Class IC Flammable Liquid: Fl.P. at or above 73°F and below 100°F.
Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Strong oxidizers, strong mineral acids, alkali metals, halogens
Exposure Routes
inhalation, skin absorption, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms
irritation eyes, nose, throat; headache, dizziness, drowsiness; corneal inflammation, blurred vision, lacrimation (discharge of tears), photophobia (abnormal visual intolerance to light); dermatitis; possible auditory nerve damage, hearing loss; central nervous system depression
Target Organs
Eyes, skin, respiratory system, central nervous system
Personal Protection/Sanitation
(See protection codes)
Skin: Prevent skin contact
Eyes: Prevent eye contact
Wash skin: When contaminated
Remove: When wet (flammable)
Change: No recommendation
First Aid
(See procedures)
Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Water flush promptly
Breathing: Respiratory support
Swallow: Medical attention immediately
Respirator Recommendations

NIOSH

Up to 1250 ppm:
(APF = 25) Any supplied-air respirator operated in a continuous-flow mode£
(APF = 25) Any powered, air-purifying respirator with organic vapor cartridge(s)£

Up to 1400 ppm:
(APF = 50) Any chemical cartridge respirator with a full facepiece and organic vapor cartridge(s)
(APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or back-mounted organic vapor canister
(APF = 50) Any powered, air-purifying respirator with a tight-fitting facepiece and organic vapor cartridge(s)£
(APF = 50) Any self-contained breathing apparatus with a full facepiece
(APF = 50) Any supplied-air respirator with a full facepiece

Emergency or planned entry into unknown concentrations or IDLH conditions:
(APF = 10,000) Any self-contained breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode
(APF = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained positive-pressure breathing apparatus

Escape:
(APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or back-mounted organic vapor canister
Any appropriate escape-type, self-contained breathing apparatus

Important additional information about respirator selection

See also: INTRODUCTION   See ICSC CARD: 0111   See MEDICAL TESTS: 0030
 
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