Vaccine (Shot) for Hib

HIB (Haemophilus influenzae type b)

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Three doses or four doses, depending on the brand of the Hib vaccine, are recommended for children by doctors as the best way to protect against Hib disease.

When should my child get the Hib shot?

One dose at each of the following ages:

Why should my child get the Hib shot?

  • Protects your child from Hib disease, which can cause lifelong disability and be deadly.
  • Protects your child from the most common type of Hib disease, meningitis (an infection of the lining covering the brain and spinal cord).
  • Keeps your child from missing school or child care, and you from missing work.

The Hib shot is safe.

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The Hib shot is safe and effective at preventing Hib disease. Vaccines like any medicine, can have side effects. These are usually mild and go away on their own.

What are the side effects?

Most children don’t have any side effects from the shot. The side effects that do occur are usually mild, and may include:

  • Redness, swelling, warmth, or pain where the shot was given
  • Fever
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Prepare for your child's vaccine visit and learn about how you can:

  • Research vaccines and ready your child before the visit
  • Comfort your child during the appointment
  • Care for your child after the shot
Before, During, and After Shots

What is Hib disease?

Hib disease is a serious illness caused by the bacteria Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib). Babies and children younger than 5 years old are most at risk for Hib disease. It can cause lifelong disability and be deadly.

What are the symptoms of Hib disease?

Hib disease causes different symptoms depending on which part of the body it affects.

The most common type of Hib disease is meningitis. This is an infection of the tissue covering the brain and spinal cord. It causes:

Illustration of child's head and brain
  • High fever
  • Confusion
  • Headache or stiff neck
  • Increased sensitivity to light
  • Poor eating and drinking, low alertness, or vomiting (in babies)

Hib disease can also cause:

  • Throat swelling that makes it hard to breathe
  • Joint infection
  • Skin infection
  • Pneumonia (lung infection)
  • Bone infection

Is it serious?

Hib disease is very serious. Most children with Hib disease need care in the hospital. Even with treatment, as many as 1 out of 20 children with Hib meningitis dies. As many as 1 out of 5 children who survive Hib meningitis will have brain damage or become deaf.

Follow the vaccine schedule

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, American Academy of Family Physicians, and American Academy of Pediatrics strongly recommend children receive all vaccines according to the recommended vaccine schedule.

Page last reviewed: September 17, 2019