Publications, Reports, and Fact Sheets
An estimated 283,000 children seek care in U.S. emergency departments each year for a sports- or recreation-related traumatic brain injury (SRR-TBI), according to a new MMWR Report. The article, Emergency Department Visits for Sports and Recreation-Related Traumatic Brain Injuries Among Children—United States, 2010-2016, also found that contact sports contributed to nearly half (45%) of the SRR-TBI visits examined. Activities with the highest number of SRR-TBI visits included: football, bicycling, basketball, playground activities, and soccer.
- Report to Congress on The Management of Traumatic Brain Injury in ChildrenCdc-pdf (February 2018)
- Report to Congress on Traumatic Brain Injury Epidemiology and Rehabilitation: Recommendations for Addressing Critical Gaps (March 2015)
- Report to Congress on Traumatic Brain Injury in the United States: Understanding the Public Health Problem among Current and Former Military Personnel (June 2013)
- Report to Congress on Mild Traumatic Brain Injury in the United States: Steps to Prevent a Serious Public Health ProblemCdc-pdf (September 2003)
- Traumatic Brain Injury in the United States: A Report to Congress (December 1999)
- Sarmiento K, Thomas KE, Daugherty J, et al. Emergency Department Visits for Sports- and Recreation-Related Traumatic Brain Injuries Among Children ― United States, 2010-2016. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2019; 68(10); 237-242.
- DePadilla L, Miller GF, Jones SE, Peterson AB, Breiding MJ. Self-Reported Concussions from Playing a Sport or Being Physically Active Among High School Students — United States, 2017. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2018;67:682–685. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15585/mmwr.mm6724a3External
- Taylor CA, Bell JM, Breiding MJ, Xu L. Traumatic Brain Injury–Related Emergency Department Visits, Hospitalizations, and Deaths — United States, 2007 and 2013. MMWR Surveill Summ 2017;66(No. SS-9):1–16. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15585/mmwr.ss6609a1External
- Kucera KL, Yau RK, Register-Mihalik J, et al. Traumatic Brain and Spinal Cord Fatalities Among High School and College Football Players — United States, 2005–2014. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2017;65:1465–1469. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15585/mmwr.mm6552a2External
- Gilchrist J, Thomas KE, Xu L, McGuire LC, Coronado VG. Nonfatal Traumatic Brain Injuries Related to Sports and Recreation Activities Among Persons Aged ≤19 Years — United States, 2001–2009. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2011;60(39);1337-1342.
- Coronado VG, Xu, L, Basavaraju SV, et al. Surveillance for Traumatic Brain Injury–Related Deaths — United States, 1997–2007. MMWR Surveillance Summaries 2011;60(SS05);1-32.
- Waltzman, D, Sarmiento, K. What the research says about concussion risk factors and prevention strategies for youth sports: A scoping review of six commonly played sportsExternal. Journal of Safety Research. Published online February 2019. doi: 10.1016/j.jsr.2018.11.005External
- Daugherty J, Miles I, Sarmiento K, Sansone C, Kroshus E, Bethea B. 2019. “A Description and Evaluation of the Concussion Education Application HEADS UP Rocket BladesExternal.” Health Promotion Practice 20(1): 22-30. https://doi.org/10.1177/1524839918764670External
- Daugherty J, Sarmiento K. 2018. “Chronic traumatic encephalopathy: what do parents of youth athletes know about it?External” Brain Injury 32(13-14): 1773-1779. https://doi.org/10.1080/02699052.2018.1530801External
- Suskauer, SJ, Yeates, KO, Sarmiento, K, Benzel, E, Breiding, MJ, Broomand, C, Haarbauer-Krupa, J, Turner, M, Weissman, B, Lumba-Brown. A. (2018). Strengthening the Evidence Base: Recommendations for Future Research Identified through the Development of CDC’s Pediatric Mild TBI GuidelineExternal. Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation. 2019. Jan 2. doi: 10.1097/HTR.0000000000000455.
- Corrigan, JD, Harrison-Felix, C, Haarbauer-Krupa, J. (2018). Epidemiology of Traumatic Brain Injury In J.M. Silver, T.W. McAllister, D.B. Arciniegas (Eds.), Textbook of Traumatic Brain Injury, 3rd Edition (pp. 3-25).
- Haarbauer-Krupa J, Lee AH, Bitsko RH, Zhang X, Kresnow-Sedacca MJ. Prevalence of Parent-Reported Traumatic Brain Injury in Children and Associated Health ConditionsExternal. JAMA Pediatrics. Published online September 24, 2018. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2018.2740
- Kerr ZY, Register-Mihalik JK, Haarbauer-Krupa J, Kroshus E, Go V, Gildner P, Byrd KH, Marshall SW. Using opinion leaders to address intervention gaps in concussion prevention in youth sports: key concepts and foundational theoryExternal. Injury Epidemiology. December 2018, 5:28. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1186/s40621-018-0158-7External
- Haarbauer-Krupa J, Comstock RD, Lionbarger MR, Hirsch S, Kavee A, Lowe B Healthcare professional involvement and RTP compliance in high school athletes with concussionExternal. Brain Injury. June 2018. https://doi.org/10.1080/02699052.2018.1482426External
- Nishijima DK, Gaona SD, Waechter T, Maloney R, Blitz , Elms AR, Farrales RD, Montoya J, Bair , Howard C, Gilbert M, Trajano RP, Hatchel KM, Faul M, Bell JM, Coronado VC, Vinson DR, Ballard DW, Tancredi DJ, Garzon H, Mackey KE, Shahlaie K, Holmes JF. The Incidence of Traumatic Intracranial Hemorrhage in Head-Injured Older Adults Transported by EMS with and without Anticoagulant or Antiplatelet UseExternal. Journal of Neurotrauma. Mar 2018. https://doi.org/10.1089/neu.2017.5232External
- Sarmiento K, Donnell Z, Hoffman R, Tennant B. Healthcare providers’ attitudes and behaviours related to pediatric mild traumatic brain injury: results from the 2014 DocStyles surveyExternal. Brain Inj. 2018 Apr 23:1-5. DOI: 10.1080/02699052.2018.1466197
- Chenoweth JA, Gaona SD, Faul M, Holmes JF, Nishijima DK. Incidence of Delayed Intracranial Hemorrhage in Older Patients After Blunt Head TraumaExternal. JAMA Surg. Published online February 14, 2018. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2017.6159
- Donnell Z, Hoffman R, Sarmiento K, Hays C. Concussion attitudes, behaviors, and education among youth ages 12-17: Results from the 2014 YouthStyles surveyExternal. J Safety Res.External 2018 Feb; 64:163-169. DOI: 10.1016/j.jsr.2017.12.001.
- Daugherty J, Miles I, Sarmiento K, Sansone C, Kroshus E and Bethea B. A Description and Evaluation of the Concussion Education Application HEADS UP Rocket BladesExternal. Health Promotion Practice. 2018; 19: 1-9.
- Waltzman D and Daugherty J. Concussion knowledge and experience among a sample of American adultsExternal. Journal of Concussion. 2018; 2. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/1524839918764670External.
- Fuentes MM, Wang J, Haarbauer-Krupa J, Yeates KO, Durbin D, Zonfrillo MR, Jaffe KM, Temkin N, Tulsky D, Bertisch H, Rivara FP. (2018) Unmet Rehabilitation Needs After Hospitalization for Traumatic Brain InjuryExternal. Pediatrics. DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-2859
- Haarbauer-Krupa J, Arbogast KB, Metzger KB, Greenspan AI, Kessler R, Curry AE, Bell JM, DePadilla L, Pfeiffer MR, Zonfrillo MR, Master CL. (2018) Variations in Mechanisms of Injury for Children with ConcussionExternal. The Journal of Pediatrics. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpeds.2018.01.075External
- Bell JM, Breiding MJ, DePadilla L. CDC’s Efforts to Improve Traumatic Brain Injury SurveillanceExternal. Journal of Safety Research. 2017; 62: 253-256. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsr.2017.04.002External.
- Sarmiento K, Donnell Z, Hoffman R.A Scoping Review to Address the Culture of Concussion in Youth and High School SportsExternal. J Sch Health. 2017 Oct;87(10):790-804. doi: 10.1111/josh.12552.
- Zogg CK, Haring RS, Xu L, Canner JK, AlSulaim H, Hashmi ZG, Salim A, Engineer LD, Haider AH, Bell JM, Schneider EB. The Epidemiology of Pediatric Head Injury Treated Outside of Hospital Emergency DepartmentsExternal. Epidemiology 2017. doi: 10.1097/EDE.0000000000000791
- Haarbauer-Krupa J, Ciccia A, Dodd D, Ettel D, Kurowski B, Lumba-Brown A & Suskauer S. (2016) Service Delivery in the Healthcare and Educational Systems for Children following Traumatic Brain Injury: Gaps in CareExternal, Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation, published online ahead of publication: doi: 10.1097/HTR.0000000000000287
- Arbogast KB, Curry AE, Metzger KB, Kessler RS, Bell JM, Haarbauer-Krupa J, Zonfrillo MR, Breiding MJ, Master CL. Improving Primary Care Provider Practices in Youth Concussion ManagementExternal. Clinical Pediatrics. 2017. DOI: 10.1177/0009922817709555.
- Viano DC, Parenteau CS, Xu L, Faul M. Head injuries (TBI) to adults and children in motor vehicle crashesExternal. Traffic Injury Prevention. 2017. DOI: 10.1080/15389588.2017.1285023.
- Nishijima DK, Gaona SD, Waechter T, Maloney R, Bair T, Blitz A, Elms A, Farrales RD, Howard C, Montoya J, Bell JM, Faul M, Vinson DR, Garzon H, Holmes JF, Ballard DW. Out-of-Hospital Triage of Older Adults With Head Injury: A Retrospective Study of the Effect of Adding “Anticoagulation or Antiplatelet Medication Use” as a CriterionExternal. Annals of Emergency Medicine. 2017 Feb 24. DOI: 10.1016/j.annemergmed.2016.12.018.
- Haarbauer-Krupa J, Taylor CA, Yue JK, Winkler EA, Pirracchio R, Cooper SR, Burke JF, Stein MB, Manley GT. Screening for Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder in a Civilian Emergency Department Population with Traumatic Brain InjuryExternal. J Neurotrauma. 2017 Jan 1;34(1):50-58. DOI: 10.1089/neu.2015.4158.
- Sarmiento K, Hoffman R, Donnell Z, Bloodgood, B. A case study of lessons learned and the evolution of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s HEADS UP concussion in sports campaignExternal. Case Studies in Strategic Communication, 2016; 5:15.
- Haarbauer-Krupa J. Unintentional injury after traumatic brain injury: issues, assessment, and reducing riskExternal. NeuroRehabilitation: An Interdisciplinary Journal, 2016 August; 39(3):1-2. DOI: 10.3233/NRE-161365
- Baldwin GT, Breiding MJ, Sleet D. Commentary – Using the Public Health Model to Address Unintentional Injuries and TBI: A perspective from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)External. NeuroRehabilitation: An Interdisciplinary Journal, 2016 August; 39(3):1-4. DOI: 10.3233/NRE-161366
- Haarbauer-Krupa J, Taylor CA, Yue JK, Winkler EA, Pirracchio R, Cooper SR, Burke JF, Stein MB, Manley GT, and the TRACK-TBI Investigators. Screening for post-traumatic stress disorder in a civilian emergency department population with traumatic brain injuryExternal. Journal of Neurotrauma. June 2016, ahead of print. doi:10.1089/neu.2015.4158.
- Arbogast KB, Curry AE, Pfeiffer MR, Zonfrillo MR, Haarbauer-Krupa J, Breiding MJ, Coronado VG, Master CL. Point of healthcare entry for youth concussion within a large pediatric care networkExternal. JAMA Pediatrics 2016 May; 170(4): epub ahead of print.
- Cheng TA, Bell JM, Haileyesus T, Gilchrist J, Sugerman DE, Coronado VG. Nonfatal playground-related traumatic brain injuries among children, 2001-2013External. Pediatrics published online: May 2, 2016 (doi: 10.1542/peds.2015-2721.R3).
- Faul M, Xu L, Sasser S. Hospitalized Traumatic Brain Injury: Low Trauma Center Utilization and High Interfacility Transfers among Older AdultsExternal. Prehospital Emergency Care, DOI:10.3109/10903127.2016.1149651.
- Parker EM, Gilchrist J, Schuster D, Lee R, Sarmiento K. Reach and knowledge change among coaches and other participants of the online course: “concussion in sports: what you need to know”External. J Head Trauma Rehabil. 2015 May-Jun; 30(3):198-206. DOI: 10.1097/HTR.0000000000000097External
- The Journal of Head Trauma RehabilitationExternal special May/June 2015 issue features research from CDC and traumatic brain injury (TBI) partners. The issue highlights the need for strategies to prevent TBI and reduce their substantial physical, psychological, economic, and social impacts.
- Taylor CA, Greenspan AI, Xu L, Kresnow M. Comparability of national estimates for traumatic brain injury-related medical encountersExternal. J Head Trauma Rehabil 2015; 30 (3): 150–159.
- Cuthbert JP, Harrison-Felix C, Corrigan JD, Bell JM, Haarbauer-Krupa JK, Miller AC. Unemployment in the United States after traumatic brain injury for working-age individuals: prevalence and associated factors 2 years postinjuryExternal. J Head Trauma Rehabil 2015; 30 (3): 160–174.
- Coronado VG, Haileyesus T, Cheng TA, Bell JM, Haarbauer-Krupa J, Lionbarger MR, Flores-Herrera J, McGuire LC, Gilchrist J. Trends in sports- and recreation-related traumatic brain injuries treated in US emergency departments: The National Electronic Injury Surveillance System-All Injury Program (NEISS-AIP) 2001-2012External. J Head Trauma Rehabil 2015; 30 (3): 185–197.
- Harrison-Felix C, Pretz C, Hammond FM, Cuthbert JP, Bell, J, Corrigan J, Miller AC, Haarbauer-Krupa J. Life expectancy after inpatient rehabilitation for traumatic brain injury in the United StatesExternal. J Neurotrauma 2015;32(23):1893-1901.
- One and Five Year Outcomes After Moderate-to Severe Traumatic Brain Injury Requiring Inpatient Rehabilitation: Traumatic Brain Injury Report (May 2018)Cdc-pdf
- Traumatic Brain Injury in the United States: Emergency Department Visits, Hospitalizations and Deaths 2002-2006 (Blue Book)
- Brain Trauma Guidelines
- Traumatic Brain Injury in the United States: Assessing Outcomes in Children