Reported Tuberculosis in the United States, 2017

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Table 35. Tuberculosis Risk Factors1 : Reporting Areas, 2017

Table 35. Tuberculosis Risk Factors: Reporting Areas, 2017
Reporting Area Total Cases Contact2 Non-HIV Immunosuppression3 Diabetes Mellitus HIV-Positive Post-Organ Transplantation TNF-α Inhibitors Other4 None Unknown/Missing
No. (%) No. (%) No. (%) No. (%) No. (%) No. (%) No. (%) No. (%) No. (%)
United States 9,105 708 (7.8) 650 (7.1) 1,816 (19.9) 447 (4.9) 40 (0.4) 67 (0.7) 2,236 (24.6) 4,406 (48.4) 208 (2.3)
Alabama 120 27 (22.5) 9 (7.5) 12 (10.0) 4 (3.3) 1 (0.8) 0 (0) 19 (15.8) 56 (46.7) 0 (0)
Alaska 53 15 (28.3) 0 (0) 7 (13.2) 1 (1.9) 0 (0) 0 (0) 1 (1.9) 30 (56.6) 0 (0)
Arizona 188 15 (8.0) 10 (5.3) 35 (18.6) 10 (5.3) 0 (0) 5 (2.7) 36 (19.1) 102 (54.3) 0 (0)
Arkansas 85 23 (27.1) 3 (3.5) 10 (11.8) 1 (1.2) 0 (0) 0 (0.0) 19 (22.4) 33 (38.8) 5 (5.9)
California 2,057 98 (4.8) 177 (8.6) 582 (28.3) 68 (3.3) 15 (0.7) 19 (0.9) 655 (31.8) 786 (38.2) 48 (2.3)
Colorado 84 4 (4.8) 4 (4.8) 17 (20.2) 1 (1.2) 1 (1.2) 2 (2.4) 2 (2.4) 58 (69.0) 0 (0)
Connecticut 63 1 (1.6) 4 (6.3) 9 (14.3) 2 (3.2) 0 (0) 0 (0) 25 (39.7) 30 (47.6) 0 (0)
Delaware 15 1 (6.7) 3 (20.0) 4 (26.7) 2 (13.3) 0 (0) 0 (0) 6 (40.0) 4 (26.7) 0 (0)
District of Columbia 36 4 (11.1) 9 (25.0) 2 (5.6) 5 (13.9) 0 (0) 0 (0) 2 (5.6) 20 (55.6) 0 (0)
Florida 549 47 (8.6) 70 (12.8) 96 (17.5) 58 (10.6) 2 (0.4) 3 (0.5) 140 (25.5) 239 (43.5) 0 (0)
Georgia 294 46 (15.6) 15 (5.1) 49 (16.7) 24 (8.2) 0 (0) 1 (0.3) 78 (26.5) 141 (48.0) 2 (0.7)
Hawaii 116 8 (6.9) 4 (3.4) 44 (37.9) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 14 (12.1) 59 (50.9) 0 (0)
Idaho 10 2 (20.0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 1 (10.0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 1 (10.0) 7 (70.0) 0 (0)
Illinois 335 44 (13.1) 24 (7.2) 52 (15.5) 13 (3.9) 0 (0) 0 (0) 26 (7.8) 205 (61.2) 4 (1.2)
Indiana 100 11 (11.0) 10 (10.0) 19 (19.0) 6 (6.0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 24 (24.0) 48 (48.0) 0 (0)
Iowa 47 1 (2.1) 5 (10.6) 5 (10.6) 3 (6.4) 0 (0) 0 (0) 14 (29.8) 32 (68.1) 0 (0)
Kansas 29 3 (10.3) 3 (10.3) 3 (10.3) 0 (0) 0 (0) 1 (3.4) 2 (6.9) 19 (65.5) 0 (0)
Kentucky 65 14 (21.5) 12 (18.5) 17 (26.2) 1 (1.5) 0 (0) 0 (0) 17 (26.2) 24 (36.9) 0 (0)
Louisiana 141 16 (11.3) 13 (9.2) 20 (14.2) 3 (2.1) 0 (0) 0 (0) 15 (10.6) 74 (52.5) 9 (6.4)
Maine 14 2 (14.3) 1 (7.1) 3 (21.4) 2 (14.3) 0 (0) 0 (0) 5 (35.7) 6 (42.9) 0 (0)
Maryland 207 17 (8.2) 11 (5.3) 28 (13.5) 24 (11.6) 2 (1.0) 2 (1.0) 17 (8.2) 123 (59.4) 15 (7.2)
Massachusetts 210 9 (4.3) 4 (1.9) 14 (6.7) 13 (6.2) 0 (0) 1 (0.5) 58 (27.6) 144 (68.6) 14 (6.7)
Michigan 133 7 (5.3) 10 (7.5) 21 (15.8) 4 (3.0) 2 (1.5) 1 (0.8) 57 (42.9) 0 (0) 55 (41.4)
Minnesota 178 36 (20.2) 16 (9.0) 37 (20.8) 7 (3.9) 1 (0.6) 2 (1.1) 88 (49.4) 53 (29.8) 0 (0)
Mississippi 53 7 (13.2) 3 (5.7) 11 (20.8) 8 (15.1) 1 (1.9) 1 (1.9) 48 (90.6) 2 (3.8) 0 (0)
Missouri 87 19 (21.8) 7 (8.0) 9 (10.3) 7 (8.0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 15 (17.2) 41 (47.1) 6 (7)
Montana 3 1 (33.3) 1 (33.3) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 1 (33.3) 2 (66.7) 0 (0) 0 (0)
Nebraska 21 1 (4.8) 1 (4.8) 0 (0) 1 (4.8) 0 (0) 0 (0) 4 (19.0) 8 (38.1) 7 (33.3)
Nevada 80 2 (2.5) 3 (3.8) 23 (28.8) 5 (6.3) 0 (0) 1 (1.3) 3 (3.8) 51 (63.8) 0 (0)
New Hampshire 19 1 (5.3) 0 (0) 1 (5.3) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 3 (15.8) 14 (73.7) 0 (0)
New Jersey 284 16 (5.6) 25 (8.8) 60 (21.1) 15 (5.3) 1 (0.4) 2 (0.7) 32 (11.3) 166 (58.5) 0 (0)
New Mexico 37 3 (8.1) 5 (13.5) 11 (29.7) 1 (2.7) 0 (0) 0 (0) 14 (37.8) 11 (29.7) 0 (0)
New York State5 193 8 (4.1) 13 (6.7) 33 (17.1) 6 (3.1) 1 (0.5) 2 (1.0) 30 (15.5) 120 (62.2) 0 (0)
New York City 613 24 (3.9) 40 (6.5) 104 (17.0) 31 (5.1) 1 (0.2) 10 (1.6) 51 (8.3) 389 (63.5) 26 (4.2)
North Carolina 213 26 (12.2) 17 (8.0) 40 (18.8) 4 (1.9) 2 (0.9) 2 (0.9) 81 (38.0) 112 (52.6) 0 (0)
North Dakota 14 3 (21.4) 0 (0) 1 (7.1) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 4 (28.6) 6 (42.9) 0 (0)
Ohio 151 10 (6.6) 9 (6.0) 13 (8.6) 2 (1.3) 0 (0) 0 (0) 20 (13.2) 103 (68.2) 1 (0.7)
Oklahoma 54 17 (31.5) 5 (9.3) 11 (20.4) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 7 (13.0) 25 (46.3) 0 (0)
Oregon 69 4 (5.8) 6 (8.7) 18 (26.1) 5 (7.2) 0 (0) 2 (2.9) 14 (20.3) 34 (49.3) 1 (1.4)
Pennsylvania 192 4 (2.1) 19 (9.9) 37 (19.3) 10 (5.2) 2 (1.0) 3 (1.6) 31 (16.1) 116 (60.4) 0 (0)
Rhode Island 13 0 (0) 1 (7.7) 4 (30.8) 1 (7.7) 0 (0) 0 (0) 3 (23.1) 9 (69.2) 0 (0)
South Carolina 101 6 (5.9) 12 (11.9) 20 (19.8) 1 (1.0) 1 (1.0) 1 (1.0) 10 (9.9) 59 (58.4) 1 (1.0)
South Dakota 14 2 (14.3) 1 (7.1) 1 (7.1) 1 (7.1) 0 (0) 0 (0) 3 (21.4) 8 (57.1) 0 (0)
Tennessee 128 11 (8.6) 14 (10.9) 25 (19.5) 9 (7.0) 2 (1.6) 0 (0) 20 (15.6) 64 (50.0) 0 (0)
Texas 1,127 64 (5.7) 19 (1.7) 213 (18.9) 74 (6.6) 3 (0.3) 0 (0) 440 (39.0) 488 (43.3) 1 (0.1)
Utah 29 4 (13.8) 1 (3.4) 4 (13.8) 3 (10.3) 0 (0) 0 (0) 1 (3.4) 19 (65.5) 0 (0)
Vermont 3 0 (0) 1 (33.3) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 3 (100.0) 0 (0) 0 (0)
Virginia 204 12 (5.9) 8 (3.9) 33 (16.2) 3 (1.5) 0 (0) 5 (2.5) 43 (21.1) 114 (55.9) 0 (0)
Washington 207 9 (4.3) 12 (5.8) 42 (20.3) 6 (2.9) 0 (0) 0 (0) 15 (7.2) 125 (60.4) 10 (4.8)
West Virginia 16 1 (6.3) 5 (31.3) 5 (31.3) 0 (0) 1 (6.3) 0 (0) 3 (18.8) 6 (37.5) 1 (6.3)
Wisconsin 49 2 (4.1) 5 (10.2) 11 (22.4) 1 (2.0) 1 (2.0) 0 (0) 15 (30.6) 23 (46.9) 0 (0)
Wyoming 2 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 2 (100.0)
American Samoa6 2 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 2 (100.0) 0 (0)
Fed. States of Micronesia6 143 54 (37.8) 0 (0) 8 (5.6) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 71 (49.7) 7 (4.9) 3 (2.1)
Guam6 84 0 (0) 2 (2.4) 35 (41.7) 1 (1.2) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 44 (52.4) 4 (4.8)
Marshall Islands6 187 63 (33.7) 1 (0.5) 59 (31.6) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 4 (2.1) 58 (31.0) 5 (2.7)
N. Mariana Islands6 36 2 (5.6) 0 (0) 14 (38.9) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 2 (5.6) 1 (2.8) 18 (50.0)
Puerto Rico6 40 1 (2.5) 0 (0) 13 (32.5) 11 (27.5) 0 (0) 0 (0) 3 (7.5) 24 (60.0) 0 (0)
Republic of Palau6 20 3 (15.0) 2 (10.0) 6 (30.0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 1 (5.0) 8 (40.0) 0 (0)
U.S. Virgin Islands6 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

1 Includes the number of risk factors reported (which may be more than one per case) and the number of cases with no information on additional risk factors. The sum of risk factors is greater than the total number of cases because more than one risk factor may be selected per case.
2 Includes risk factor responses of MDR patient contact, missed contact, and infectious TB patient contact.
3 Includes risk factor responses of end-stage renal disease and non-HIV immunosuppression.
4 Includes risk factor responses of incomplete LTBI therapy and Other.
5 Excludes New York City.
6 Not included in U.S. totals.
Note: Ellipses (…) indicate the percentage cannot be calculated, and the denominator is 0.

Page last reviewed: October 22, 2018