2018 State and City TB Report
People living with HIV are more likely than others to become sick with TB if they are exposed and become infected. Untreated latent TB infection (LTBI) (see Treatment for Latent TB Infection) may quickly progress to TB disease in people living with HIV because the immune system is already weakened. Without treatment, TB disease can progress from sickness to death rapidly. Measuring the number of TB patients who are also tested for HIV and have a known HIV status is not only important in terms of saving lives, but also in interrupting the spread of TB and HIV to others.
In 2018, 36 states and 5 cities performed above the national average (87.8%) and 9 states and 1 city met the 2025 national target of having HIV status known among at least 99.0% of reported TB cases (Figure 10image icon, Footnotes).
Figure 10. Percentage of TB Cases with Known HIV Status (Positive or Negative), United States, 2018
The fraction in each parenthesis reports the number of TB patients with either positive or negative HIV test results out of the total number of TB patients who were alive at diagnosis.
States/cities are grouped into thirds based on numbers of TB cases reported in 2018.
Baltimore, DC, DE, IA, ID, KS, ME, MT, ND, NE, NH, NM, RI, SD, UT, VT, WI, WV and WY reported 50 or fewer total TB cases in 2018. Due to the small denominator, data should be interpreted with caution.
Data source: National Tuberculosis Surveillance System as of June 6, 2019