While the idea of Talk. Test. Treat. is simple, STD prevention and treatment are not one-size-fits-all. We encourage you, our nation’s healthcare providers, to revisit the many ways that you can empower your patients to take charge of their sexual health.
You can tailor the content on this page to your healthcare provider audience and ensure that they are using CDC’s evidence-based resources to counsel, test, and treat their patients.
Providing the best medical care possible means talking to your patients about sexual health.
Taking a sexual history should be a part of routine care.
- Talking about sexual health can be challenging but studies show that patients want to be asked about sex.
- Create an environment that is open to an honest discussion around your patient’s sexual history—success in this area can garner important information that will allow you to provide the best care possible.
Counsel your patients on safe sex, and ensure that they know about today’s many prevention options. With condoms, hepatitis B and HPV vaccines, and even a daily medication to prevent HIV infection – there have never been more ways for your patients to protect themselves.
Certain STD diagnoses can cause fear and anxiety in your patient.
- Use CDC counseling messages in the 2015 STD Treatment Guidelines to help alleviate these concerns.
Test your patients for STDs as recommended.
STD screening recommendations for different patient populations are available. Below is a brief overview.
- Syphilis, HIV, chlamydia, and hepatitis B screening for all pregnant women, and gonorrhea screening for at-risk pregnant women starting early in pregnancy, with repeat testing as needed, will protect the health of mothers and their infants. (NOTE: Detailed screening recommendations for pregnant women also are available here.)
- Annual chlamydia and gonorrhea screening of all sexually-active women younger than 25 years, as well as older women with risk factors, such as new or multiple sex partners, or a sex partner who has an STD.
- Screening at least once a year for syphilis, chlamydia, and gonorrhea for all sexually active gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men (MSM).
- MSM who have multiple or anonymous partners should be screened more frequently for STDs (i.e., every three to six months)
- All adults and adolescents from age 13 to age 64 should be tested at least once for HIV
- Sexually-active gay and bisexual men may benefit from more frequent testing (i.e., perhaps every three to six months).
New CDC analysis suggests gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men (MSM) are at increased risk for extragenital STDs [i.e., chlamydia or gonorrhea in the throat or rectum] (April 11, 2019)
Keep in mind that screening recommendations are sources of clinical guidance, not prescriptive standards. Always consider a patient’s sexual history and the burden of disease in their community.
Follow CDC’s STD Treatment Guidelines to ensure appropriate treatment and care.
The 2015 STD Treatment Guidelines are the most current recommendations for treating patients who have, or who are at risk for STDs.
- Download the free STD Tx Guide app to your Apple or Android devices to easily access the guidelines any time you need them.
Important treatment topics to be aware of:
Expedited Partner Therapy (EPT) may be an option in cases where a patient’s partner is unwilling or unable to access care.
- Learn about EPT on CDC’s website or contact your state or territorial health department to obtain jurisdiction-specific information.
Drug-resistant gonorrhea is an immediate public health threat requiring urgent and aggressive action.
Preserve our last treatment option by only treating your patients with the recommended dual therapy (ceftriaxone 250mg intramuscularly in a single dose PLUS azithromycin 1g orally in a single dose).