Children (4 months to 14 years)

  • Sleep in children aged 4 months to 14 years is assessed in the National Survey of Children’s Health (NSCH) by asking parents:
    • “During the past week, how many hours of sleep did this child get on an average day (count both nighttime sleep and naps)?” for infants and children aged 0–5.
    • “During the past week, how many hours of sleep did this child get on an average weeknight?” for children and adolescents aged 6–17 years.
  • Short sleep duration is based on age group recommended hours of sleep per day and defined as <12 hours for children aged 4–12 months, <11 hours for children aged 1–2 years, <10 hours for children aged 3–5 years, <9 hours for children aged 6–12 years, and <8 hours for children aged 13–14 years.

Prevalence of short sleep duration among US children aged 4 months to 14 years by state, 2018–2019

Highlights

  • Prevalence of short sleep duration among children varied by state, ranging from 25.2% in Minnesota to 52.5% in Mississippi in 2018–2019.

Prevalence of short sleep duration among US children aged 4 months to 14 years, 2018–2019

Highlights

  • Prevalence of short sleep among children aged 4 months to 14 years was highest in the following subgroups in 2018–2019: ages 6–12 years (38.4%), and non-Hispanic Black (52.7%).

More information on short sleep duration among this population can be found:

*Wheaton AG, Claussen AH. Short Sleep Duration Among Infants, Children, and Adolescents Aged 4 Months–17 Years — United States, 2016–2018. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2021;70:1315–1321. DOI:  http://dx.doi.org/10.15585/mmwr.mm7038a1