PRAMS, the Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System, is a surveillance project of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and health departments.
Developed in 1987, PRAMS collects jurisdiction-specific, population-based data on maternal attitudes and experiences before, during, and shortly after pregnancy. PRAMS surveillance currently covers about 81% of all U.S. births.
PRAMS provides data not available from other sources. PRAMS data are used by researchers to investigate emerging issues in the field of reproductive health and by state, territory, and local governments to plan and review programs and policies aimed at reducing health problems among mothers and babies.
About Data Collection and Processing
Improving Health for Mothers and Babies
The goal of the PRAMS project is to improve the health of mothers and infants by reducing adverse outcomes.
The PRAMS questionnaire has two parts—core questions that are asked by all the sites, and a set of standard questions which are selected by each site.
Researchers may request the PRAMS Analytic Research File for studies that involve multiple sites by submitting a proposal to CDC.
PRAMS surveillance system is a standardized data collection system.
Forty-six states, the District of Columbia, New York City, Northern Mariana Islands and Puerto Rico currently participate in PRAMS.
PRAMS has implemented enhanced surveillance approaches by modifying the standard protocol.
PRAMS surveillance data can be incorporated into public health decision making or translated in a variety of ways.
MMWRs and other PRAMS publications.
- D’Angelo D, Cernich A, Harrison L, Kortsmit K, Thierry J, Folger S, Warner L. Disability and Pregnancy: A Cross-Federal Agency Collaboration to Collect Population-Based Data about Experiences around the Time of Pregnancyexternal icon. J Womens Health 2020:29:291-6.
- Williams L, D’Angelo DV, Bauman B, et al. Women’s Awareness and Healthcare Provider Discussions about Zika Virus during Pregnancy, United States, 2016–2017external icon. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 2020;26(5):998-1001. doi:10.3201/eid2605.190727.
- Shulman HB, D’Angelo DV, Harrison L, Smith RA, Warner L. The Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System (PRAMS): Overview of Design and Methodologyexternal icon. American journal of public health. 2018;108(10):1305-1313.
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