• Lee ACY, Montgomery SP, Theis JH, Blagburn BL, Eberhard ML. Public health issues concerning the widespread distribution of canine heartworm disease. Trends Parasitol 2010;26:168-73.
  • Heartworm (Dirofilaria immitis). Life cycle and stages. The Companion Animal Parasite Council., last reviewed and edited November 2009. Accessed December 6, 2010.
  • Koltchko A, Wallance MR. Dirofilariasis. Emedicine., updated Jan 7, 2010, accessed Nov 17, 2010.
  • Simón F, Morchón R, Gonzálex-Miguel J, Marcos-Atxutegi C, Siles-Lucas M. What is new about animal and human dirofilariosis? Trends Parasitol 2009;25:404-9.
  • McCall JW, Genchi C, Kramer LH, Gerrero J, Venco L. Heartworm disease in animals and humans. Adv Parasitol 2008;66:193-285.
  • Eberhard ML. Zoonotic filariasis. In: Tropical Infectious Diseases: Principles, Pathogens, and Practice (2nd ed, 2006) (Guerrant, RL et al, eds), Elsevier, pp. 1189-1203.
  • Theis JH. Public health aspects of dirofilariasis in the United States. Vet Parasitol 2005;133:157-80.
  • Simón F, López-Belmonte, Morcos-Atxutegi C, Morchón R, Martín-Pacho JR. What is happening outside North America regarding human dirofilariasis? Vet Parasitol 2005;133:181-9.
  • Pampiglione S, Rivasi F. Human dirofilariasis due to Dirofilaria (Nochtiella) repens: an update of world literature from 1995-2000. Parassitologia 2000;42:231-54.
  • Muro A, Genchi C, Cordero M, Simón F. Human dirofilariasis in the European Union. Parasitol Today 1999;15:386-9.
  • Rodrigues-Silva R, Moura H, Dreyer G, Rey L. Human pulmonary dirofilariasis: a review. Rev Inst Med Trop São Paulo 1995:37;523-30.
  • Asimacopoulos PJ, Katras A, Christie B. Pulmonary dirofilariasis. The largest single-hospital experience. Chest 1992;102:851-5.

Back To Top

Page last reviewed: February 8, 2012