A National Strategy for Occupational Musculoskeletal Injuries: Implementation Issues and Research Needs
DHHS (NIOSH) Publication Number 93-101
Musculoskeletal injuries include both acute and chronic injury to the muscles, tendons, ligaments, peripheral nerves, joint structures, bones and associated vascular system. These injuries may be reported as sprains, strains, inflammations, irritations, and dislocations. In the medical literature, this broad class of physical symptoms or complaints is often referred to as wear-and-tear disorders, overuse or overexertion injuries, osteoarthritis, degenerative joint diseases, chronic micro traumas, repetitive strain injuries and cumulative trauma disorders.