NIOSH Bibliography of Communication and Research Products 2019
DHHS (NIOSH) Publication Number 2020-113
50 Years Ago … A New Era for Worker Health and Safety
The Occupational Safety and Health (OSH) Act of 1970 promotes safe and healthful work conditions for all working men and women, regardless of their industry or job. The OSH Act created the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), a part of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in the Department of Health and Human Services. The act created the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) and placed it in the Department of Labor. NIOSH is an independent research program, separate from the regulatory OSHA, which sets and enforces occupational safety and health standards, promotes safety and health training and education, and works with stakeholders to develop innovative and creative approaches to preventing workplace hazards. The OSH Act separated the two agencies to give NIOSH independence to generate objective scientific research findings in the field of occupational safety and health.
The OSH Act also provided NIOSH with right-of-entry authority to make inspections and question employers and employees. NIOSH was charged with conducting education programs, providing safety and health specialists, and developing information on the proper use of safety and health equipment. The OSH Act intends for NIOSH-produced research to inform OSHA safety and health standards. To better understand the OSH Act, the following sections explore the reasons why it came to be.
NIOSH . NIOSH Bibliography of Communication and Research Products 2019. By Bennett W, Fendinger S, Gran M, Hamilton C, Lechliter J, Novakovich J, Reuss V. Cincinnati, OH: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, DHHS (NIOSH) Publication No. 2020-113, https://doi.org/10.26616/NIOSHPUB2020113external icon