National Post-acute and Long-term Care Study

Study Results and Publications – Journal Articles

In January 2020, the National Study of Long-Term Care Providers (NSLTCP) was rebranded the National Post-acute and Long-term Care Study (NPALS). The information NCHS plans to collect about adult day services centers and participants and residential care communities and residents will not change. Publications and products from the 2012-2018 waves that have already been published to Study Results and Publications will continue to describe the study as NSLTCP in these publications. Future publications and products that use data from the 2020 wave will use the name NPALS. Please contact us at with questions about this exciting change.

 Data Tell Stories. Tell Us Yours! How have you used information from the National Post-acute and Long-term Care Study (formerly known as the National Study of Long-Term Care Providers)? Email us a brief description at In the subject field of your email, write “My NPALS data use example”. Your examples will help us showcase the value of NPALS.

Journal Articles Using NPALS Data (formerly known as NSLTCP)

  • Lendon JP, Caffrey C, Lau DT. End-Of-Life Care Planning and Bereavement Practices Among Adult Day Services Centers, 2018. American Journal of Hospice and Palliative Medicine®. 2023;0(0). doi:10.1177/10499091231163269
  • Lendon, J.P., Caffrey, C., and Lau, D.T. (2020). Advance directives state requirements, center practices, and participant prevalence in adult day services centers: Findings from the 2016 National Study of Long-Term Care Providers, The Journals of Gerontology: Series B. (7/2020)
  • Lendon, J. P., Rome, V., & Sengupta, M. (2020). Variations Between Adult Day Services Centers in the United States by the Racial and Ethnic Case-Mix of Center Participants. Journal of Applied Gerontology. Available online: (7/2020)
  • Rome, V., Harris-Kojetin, L., & Carder, P. (2019). Variation in Licensed Nurse Staffing Characteristics by State Requirements in Residential Care. Res Gerontol Nurs, 12(1), 27-33.  (1/2019)
  • Caffrey, C., Harris-Kojetin, L., Rome, V., & Schwartz, L. (2018). Relationships Between Residential Care Community Characteristics and Overnight Hospital Stays and Readmissions: Results From the National Study of Long-Term Care Providers. Seniors Housing & Care Journal, 26(1), 38-49. (11/2018)
  • Park-Lee E, Rome V, Caffrey C. Characteristics of residential care communities that use electronic health records. Am J Manag Care. 2015;21(12):e669-76. (1/2016)