Screening Recommendations

Help Prevent Perinatal Transmission

Screening leads to access to treatment and care that can prevent perinatal transmission. Preconception (before pregnancy) and prenatal care are important opportunities for addressing conditions that affect similar populations.

Recommended for All Women During Pregnancy

CDC recommends that all pregnant women get tested for HIV, hepatitis B virus (HBV), and syphilis during each pregnancy. Transmission of these infections to the infant is preventable. Screening is necessary to access medical services and treatment to prevent transmission. However, early screening opportunities are often missed, and women who receive late or no prenatal care are less likely to be screened and treated for HIV, HBV, and syphilis.1,2

Current Screening Statistics
A pregnant woman visits with her health care provider
  • Approximately 75%–80% of pregnant women are screened for HIV infection3,4
  • Approximately 84%–88% of pregnant women are screened for HBV infection5
  • Approximately 85% of commercially insured pregnant women are screened for syphilis4

Page last reviewed: April 9, 2018