Help Prevent Perinatal Transmission
Screening leads to access to treatment and care that can prevent perinatal transmission. Preconception (before pregnancy) and prenatal care are important opportunities for addressing conditions that affect similar populations.
Recommended for All Women During Pregnancy
CDC recommends that all pregnant women get tested for HIV, hepatitis B virus (HBV), and syphilis during each pregnancy. Transmission of these infections to the infant is preventable. Screening is necessary to access medical services and treatment to prevent transmission. However, early screening opportunities are often missed, and women who receive late or no prenatal care are less likely to be screened and treated for HIV, HBV, and syphilis.1,2
- Approximately 75%–80% of pregnant women are screened for HIV infection3,4
- Approximately 84%–88% of pregnant women are screened for HBV infection5
- Approximately 85% of commercially insured pregnant women are screened for syphilis4
- Koumans EHA, Rosen J, van Dyke MK, et al. Prevention of mother-to-child transmission of infections during pregnancy: implementation of recommended interventions, United States, 2003-2004External. Am J Obstet Gynecol 2012;206(2):158.
- Momplaisir FM, Brady KA, Fekete, et al. Time of HIV diagnosis and engagement in prenatal care impact ExternalvirologicExternal outcomes of pregnant women with HIVExternal. PLoS One 2015;10(7):1-12.
- FitzHarrs LF, Taylor AW, Zhang F, et al. Factors associated with Human Immunodeficiency Virus screening of women during pregnancy, labor and delivery, United States, 2005-2006External. Matern Child Health J 2014;18(3):648–56.
- Fanfair RN, Tao G, Owusu-Edusei K, et al. Suboptimal prenatal syphilis testing among commercially insured women in the United States, 2013External. Sex Transm Dis 2017; 44(4):219–221.
- Kolasa M, Tsai Y, Xu J, Fenlon N, Schillie S. Hepatitis B surface antigen testing among pregnant women, United States 2014External. Pediatr Infect Dis J 2016. Epub ahead of print.