Pregnancy and HIV, Viral Hepatitis, STD, & TB Prevention
Infections with HIV, viral hepatitis, STDs, and TB can complicate pregnancy and may have serious consequences for a woman, her pregnancy outcomes, and her baby. Screening and treatment for these infections, and vaccinations against viruses, such as hepatitis B and human papillomavirus, can prevent many bad outcomes.
Screening for infections is the first step in accessing the care and treatment needed to prevent transmission of the infection to the infant and to improve the mother’s health. Prenatal screening for some infections (HIV, syphilis, and hepatitis B virus) is recommended for all pregnant women. Screening for other infections (hepatitis C virus, chlamydia, gonorrhea, and TB) is recommended for some women at risk for infection. For additional information on screening for women at higher risk for STDs, visit STDs during Pregnancy – CDC Fact Sheet (Detailed), and for information about TB diagnosis during pregnancy, visit TB and Pregnancy.
A new CDC Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report finds hepatitis C virus infection rates 5 times higher among pregnant women in 2015 than in 2000, and higher among women with opioid use disorder than those without.