Articles and Key Findings about Stillbirth

Highlighted Articles

Black Mothers Are More Likely to Experience Stillbirth Compared to Hispanic and White Mothers
A study from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) found that Black mothers were more than twice as likely to experience stillbirth compared to Hispanic and white mothers.
(Published September 17, 2020)

Pregnancy and Infant Loss
Read about a family’s experience with the loss of a child through stillbirth.
(Published: October 11, 2019)

Research into stillbirth is vital to understanding what causes stillbirth and how we can prevent it. Read below for a list of selected journal articles on stillbirth that includes CDC researchers.

Articles of Interest

*Articles listed in order of date published.

Cause of fetal death: Data from the Fetal Death Report, 2014.

National vital statistics reports. 2016; 65(7):1-25.
Hoyert DL, Gregory ECW.
[Read article pdf icon[602 KB / 25 pages]]

Decreased fetal movement: Diagnosis, evaluation, and management.

In: UpToDate, Post TW (Ed), UpToDate, Waltham, MA. (Accessed on March 13, 2015.)
Fretts, RC.
[Read Summaryexternal icon]

Using an existing birth defects surveillance program to enhance surveillance data on stillbirths.

J Registry Manag. 2014 Spring;41(1):13-8.
Duke W, Gilboa SM.
[Read summaryexternal icon]

Modeling the potential public health impact of prepregnancy obesity on adverse fetal and infant outcomes.

Obesity. 2013 Jun;21(6):1276-83.
Honein MA, Devine O, Sharma AJ, Rasmussen SA, Park S, Kucik JE, Boyle C.
[Read Summaryexternal icon]

A population-based case-control study of stillbirth: the relationship of significant life events to the racial disparity for African Americans

Am J Epidemiol. 2013 Apr 15;177(8):755-67.
Hogue CJ, Parker CB, Willinger M, Temple JR, Bann CM, Silver RM, Dudley DJ, Koch MA, Coustan DR, Stoll BJ, Reddy UM, Varner MW, Saade GR, Conway D, Goldenberg RL; Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Stillbirth Collaborative Research Network Writing Group.
[Read Summaryexternal icon]

Psychological effects of stillbirth.

Semin Fetal Neonatal Med. 2013 Apr;18(2):76-82.
Cacciatore J.
[Read Summaryexternal icon]

Factors that mediate racial/ethnic disparities in US fetal death rates.

Am J Public Health. 2012 Oct;102(10):1902-10.
Lorch SA, Kroelinger CD, Ahlberg C, Barfield WD.
[Read Summaryexternal icon]

Evaluation of an active surveillance system for stillbirths in metropolitan Atlanta

J Registry Manag. 2012 Spring;39(1):13-8, quiz 36.
Azofeifa A, Yeung LF, Duke CW, Gilboa SM, Correa A.
[Read Summaryexternal icon]

“I’ll never forget those cold words as long as I live”: parent perceptions of death notification for stillbirth.

J Soc Work End Life Palliat Care. 2012;8(4):339-55.
Pullen S, Golden MA, Cacciatore J.
[Read Summaryexternal icon]

Stillbirths: the way forward in high-income countries.

Lancet. 2011 May 14;377(9778):1703-17.
Flenady V, Middleton P, Smith GC, Duke W, Erwich JJ, Khong TY, Neilson J, Ezzati M, Koopmans L, Ellwood D, Fretts R, Frøen JF; Lancet’s
Stillbirths Series steering committee.
[Read Summaryexternal icon]

Stillbirths: why they matter.

Lancet. 2011 Apr 16;377(9774):1353-66.
Frøen JF, Cacciatore J, McClure EM, Kuti O, Jokhio AH, Islam M, Shiffman J; Lancet’s Stillbirths Series steering committee.
[Read Summaryexternal icon]

Use of active surveillance methodologies to examine over-reporting of stillbirths on fetal death certificates

Birth Defects Res A Clin Mol Teratol. 2011 Dec;91(12):1004-10.
Makelarski JA, Romitti PA, Caspers KM, Puzhankara S, McDowell BD, Piper KN.
[Read Summaryexternal icon]

Making stillbirths count, making numbers talk – issues in data collection for stillbirths

BMC Pregnancy Childbirth. 2009 Dec 17;9:58.
Frøen JF, Gordijn SJ, Abdel-Aleem H, Bergsjø P, Betran A, Duke CW, Fauveau V, Flenady V, Hinderaker SG, Hofmeyr GJ, Jokhio AH, Lawn J, Lumbiganon P, Merialdi M, Pattinson R, Shankar A.
[Read Summaryexternal icon]

Challenges and priorities for surveillance of stillbirths: a report on two workshops

Public Health Rep. 2009 Sep-Oct;124(5):652-9.
Duke CW, Correa A, Romitti PA, Martin J, Kirby RS.
[Ready Summaryexternal icon]

Causes of death and associated conditions (Codac): a utilitarian approach to the classification of perinatal deaths

BMC Pregnancy Childbirth. 2009 Jun 10;9:22.
Frøen JF, Pinar H, Flenady V, Bahrin S, Charles A, Chauke L, Day K, Duke CW, Facchinetti F, Fretts RC, Gardener G, Gilshenan K, Gordijn SJ, Gordon A, Guyon G, Harrison C, Koshy R, Pattinson RC, Petersson K, Russell L, Saastad E, Smith GC, Torabi R.
[Read Summaryexternal icon]

Racial disparities in stillbirth risk across gestation in the United States

Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2009 Nov;201(5):469.e1-8.
Willinger M, Ko CW, Reddy UM.
[Read Summaryexternal icon]

Reduction of late stillbirth with the introduction of fetal movement information and guidelines – a clinical quality improvement.

BMC Pregnancy Childbirth. 2009; 9: 32.
Tveit JVH, Saastad E, Stray-Pedersen B, Bordahl PE, Flenady V, Fretts R, Froen JF.

Using active birth defects surveillance programs to supplement data on fetal death reports: improving surveillance data on stillbirths

Birth Defects Res A Clin Mol Teratol. 2008 Nov;82(11):799-804.
Duke CW, Williams L, Correa A.
[Read Summaryexternal icon]

Fetal death certificates as a source of surveillance data for stillbirths with birth defects

Public Health Rep. 2007 Sep-Oct;122(5):664-9.
Duke CW, Alverson CJ, Correa A.
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Reporting birth defects surveillance data 1968-2003

Birth Defects Res A Clin Mol Teratol. 2007 Feb;79(2):65-186. Erratum in: Birth Defects Res A Clin Mol Teratol. 2008 Jan;82(1):41-62.
Correa A, Cragan JD, Kucik JE, Alverson CJ, Gilboa SM, Balakrishnan R, Strickland MJ, Duke CW, O’Leary LA, Riehle-Colarusso T, Siffel C, Gambrell D, Thompson D, Atkinson M, Chitra J.
[Read Summaryexternal icon]

Etiology and prevention of stillbirth

Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2005 Dec;193(6):1923-35.
Fretts RC.
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Stillbirth: a review.

J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med. 2004 Aug;16(2):79-94.
Goldenberg RL, Kirby R, Culhane JF.
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