Malaria is a mosquito-borne disease caused by a parasite. People with malaria often experience fever, chills, and flu-like illness. Left untreated, they may develop severe complications and die. In 2016 an estimated 216 million cases of malaria occurred worldwide and 445,000 people died, mostly children in the African Region. About 1,700 cases of malaria are diagnosed in the United States each year. The vast majority of cases in the United States are in travelers and immigrants returning from countries where malaria transmission occurs, many from sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia.
References and Resources
Programs & Campaigns
The U.S. government’s goal under the PMI Strategy 2015-2020 is to work with PMI-supported countries and partners to further reduce malaria deaths and substantially decrease malaria morbidity, toward the long-term goal of elimination.
PMI Eleventh Annual Report, April 2017
- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
1600 Clifton Rd
Atlanta, GA 30329-4027
- Health care providers needing assistance with diagnosis or management of suspected cases of malaria should call the CDC Malaria Hotline: 770-488-7788 or 855-856-4713 toll-free (M-F, 9am-5pm, eastern time).
- Emergency consultation after hours, call: 770-488-7100 and request to speak with a CDC Malaria Branch clinician.