Clinical Guidance: Malaria Diagnosis & Treatment in the U.S.

At a glance

  • Malaria can be a severe, potentially fatal disease, especially when caused by Plasmodium falciparum.
  • Ensure prompt diagnosis followed by immediate treatment.
  • The treatment regimen depends on infecting plasmodium species, patient's clinical status, drug-resistance status, and previous use of antimalarials.
  • In the absence of prompt diagnosis and appropriate treatment, uncomplicated malaria can rapidly progress to severe life-threatening disease.