Water Management Programs
There are no vaccines that can prevent Legionnaires’ disease.
Instead, the key to preventing Legionnaires’ disease is to make sure that building owners and managers maintain building water systems in order to reduce the risk of Legionella growth and spread. Examples of building water systems that might grow and spread Legionella include:
- Hot tubs
- Hot water tanks and heaters
- Large plumbing systems
- Cooling towers (structures that contain water and a fan as part of centralized air cooling systems for building or industrial processes)
- Decorative fountains
CDC developed a toolkit to help building owners and managers develop and implement a water management program to reduce their building’s risk for growing and spreading Legionella.
Legionella and Hot Tubs
Home and car air-conditioning units do not use water to cool the air, so they are not a risk for Legionella growth.
Legionella grows best in warm water, like the water temperatures used in hot tubs. However, warm temperatures also make it hard to keep disinfectants, such as chlorine, at the levels needed to kill germs like Legionella. Disinfectant and other chemical levels in hot tubs should be checked regularly and hot tubs should be cleaned as recommended by the manufacturer. Learn how you can test the water before you use a hot tub and questions you should ask your hot tub operator to determine whether or not a hot tub has been properly maintained: