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Manage Costs

CDC-Recognized Lifestyle Change Programs Can Help You Manage Costs

Of the average $13,700 annual medical costs of a person with diabetes, about $7,900 is directly attributable to the disease. On the other hand, the average annual cost of offering a lifestyle change program that can cut a person’s risk of type 2 diabetes in half is about $500, depending on factors such as promotion, recruitment, staff, facilities, and logistics costs.

Lifestyle change interventions are cost effective and, in some cases, cost saving through reductions in health care spending. For instance, a study funded by CDC and NIH showed a statistically significant cost savings averaging $129 per participant after 3 years.

As a covered benefit, these programs can help employers to manage their health care costs and help insurers to control premium increases, making plans more competitive. They can also help protect the health of employees or members, helping them live healthier lives, and generate goodwill among employees, which could help engage and retain staff and attract new talent.

Weigh the Costs and Benefits: Diabetes Prevention IMPACT TOOLKIT

	Diabetes Prevention Impact Toolkit. State Employer InsurerJust how much can diabetes prevention programs save? To help employers, insurers, and state health departments weigh the costs and benefits of National DPP lifestyle change programs, CDC has developed the Diabetes Prevention Impact Toolkit. This online tool provides estimates of:

  • Total cost of delivering a National DPP or similar lifestyle change program to a covered population
  • Total health benefit resulting from the program
  • Life years gained and quality-adjusted life years saved
  • Cost-effectiveness of the lifestyle change program
  • Return on investment, if applicable

Users can get results based on default values for their target population or enter customized values that reflect their own population and program experience. Users can also customize the toolkit’s results to show the most relevant data for their needs. Explore the Diabetes Prevention Impact Toolkit .


Li R, Qu S, Zhang P, Chattopadhyay S, Gregg EW, Albright A, et al. Economic evaluation of combined diet and physical activity promotion programs to prevent type 2 diabetes among persons at increased risk: a systematic review for the Community Preventive Services Task Force. Ann Intern Med. 2015; 163. doi:10.7326/M15-0469.

Smith J. YMCA prediabetes program results in weight loss, lower costs. Clinical Endocrinology News. June 26, 2015. Available from

Yang W, Dall TM, Halder P, Gallo P, Kowal SL, Hogan PF. Economic costs of diabetes in the U.S. in 2012. Diabetes Care 2013;36(4):1033–1046. Available from