Five main types of cancer affect a woman’s reproductive organs: cervical, ovarian, uterine, vaginal, and vulvar. As a group, they are referred to as gynecologic cancers. Each gynecologic cancer is unique, with different signs, symptoms, and risk factors (things that may increase your chance of getting cancer).
All women are at risk for gynecologic cancers, and risk increases with age. You can lower your risk for some of these cancers. When gynecologic cancers are found early, treatment works best.
CDC promotes awareness of gynecologic cancers through its national awareness campaign, Inside Knowledge: Get the Facts About Gynecologic Cancer.
CDC’s National Breast and Cervical Cancer Early Detection Program provides breast and cervical cancer screenings and diagnostic services to low-income, uninsured, and underinsured women across the United States. Find out if you qualify.
Next: Basic Information
CDC’s Latest Research
- Primary HPV testing: U.S. women’s awareness and acceptance of an emerging screening modality
- Cervical cancer survival in the United States by race and stage (2001–2009): findings from the CONCORD-2 study
- Disparities in ovarian cancer survival in the United States (2001–2009): findings from the CONCORD-2 study