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Annual Smoking-Attributable Mortality, Years of Potential Life Lost, and Productivity Losses—United States, 1997–2001

July 1, 2005 / Vol. 54 / No. 25

MMWR Highlights

  • An estimated $92 billion (average for 1997–2001) in productivity losses occurs annually from deaths due to smoking. The economic costs of smoking are more than $167 billion, including an additional $75.5 billion in smoking-related medical expenditures.
  • Cigarette smoking caused an estimated 438,000 premature deaths annually (259,494 men and 178,408 women) from 1997 through 2001.
  • Among adults, the study estimates that most deaths were from lung cancer (123,836), chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (90,582), and ischemic heart disease (86,801).
  • Smoking during pregnancy resulted in an estimated 523 male infant and 387 female infant deaths annually.
  • Smoking causes 3.3 million years of potential life lost for men and 2.2 million years for women. Smoking, on average, reduces adult life expectancy by approximately 14 years.
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