Skip directly to search Skip directly to A to Z list Skip directly to navigation Skip directly to site content Skip directly to page options
CDC Home

Annual Smoking-Attributable Mortality, Years of Potential Life Lost, and Economic Costs—United States, 1995–1999

April 12, 2002 / Vol. 51 / No. 14


MMWR Highlights

  • Cigarette smoking continues to be a leading cause of death in the Unites States, and imposes substantial measurable costs to society. From 1995–1999, smoking killed over 440,000 people in the United States each year.
  • Each pack of cigarettes sold in the United States costs the nation an estimated $7.18 in medical care costs and lost productivity.
  • Estimates show that smoking caused over $150 billion in annual health-related economic losses from 1995 to 1999 including $81.9 billion in mortality-related productivity losses (average for 1995–1999) and $75.5 billion in excess medical expenditures in 1998.
  • The economic costs of smoking are estimated to be about $3,391 per smoker per year.
  • Smoking caused an estimated 264,087 male and 178, 311 female deaths in the United States each year from 1995 to 1999.
  • Among adults, the study estimates that most deaths were from lung cancer (124,813), ischemic heart disease (81,976) and chronic airway obstruction (64,735).
  • Excluding adult deaths from exposure to secondhand smoke, adult males and females lost an average of 13.2 and 14.5 years of life respectively, because they smoked.
  • Smoking during pregnancy resulted in an estimated 599 male infant and 408 female infant deaths annually.
  • For men, the average number of annual smoking-attributable cancer and cardiovascular disease deaths in 1995–1999 fell while the number of respiratory disease deaths remained stable.
  • For women, the average number of annual smoking-attributable cancer and respiratory disease deaths in 1995–1999 rose while the number of cardiovascular deaths fell.
  • Smoking–attributable neonatal expenditures were estimated at $366 million in 1996 or $704 per maternal smoker.
 
CDC 24/7 – Saving Lives, Protecting People, Saving Money. Learn More About How CDC Works For You…
Contact Us:
  • CDC/Office on Smoking and Health
    4770 Buford Highway
    MS F-79
    Atlanta, Georgia 30341-3717
  • 800-CDC-INFO
    (800-232-4636)
    TTY: (888) 232-6348
    Contact CDC-INFO
USA.gov: The U.S. Government's Official Web PortalDepartment of Health and Human Services
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention   1600 Clifton Rd. Atlanta, GA 30329-4027, USA
800-CDC-INFO (800-232-4636) TTY: (888) 232-6348 - Contact CDC-INFO