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Osmium tetroxide

Synonyms & Trade Names
Osmic acid anhydride, Osmium oxide
CAS No.
20816-12-0
RTECS No.
RN1140000
DOT ID & Guide
2471 154
Formula
OsO4
Conversion
1 ppm = 10.40 mg/m3
IDLH
1 mg/m3
See: 20816120
Exposure Limits
NIOSH REL
TWA 0.002 mg/m3 (0.0002 ppm) ST 0.006 mg/m3 (0.0006 ppm)
OSHA PEL
TWA 0.002 mg/m3 See Appendix G
Measurement Methods
None available
See: NMAM or OSHA Methods
Physical Description
Colorless, crystalline solid or pale-yellow mass with an unpleasant, acrid, chlorine-like odor. [Note: A liquid above 105°F.]
Molecular Weight
254.2
Boiling Point
266°F
Melting Point
105°F
Solubility
(77°F): 6%
Vapor Pressure
7 mmHg
Ionization Potential
12.60 eV
Specific Gravity
5.10
Flash Point
NA
Upper Exposive Limit
NA
Lower Explosive Limit
NA
Noncombustible Solid
Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Hydrochloric acid, easily oxidized organic materials [Note: Begins to sublime below BP. Contact with other materials may cause fire.]
Exposure Routes
inhalation, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms
irritation eyes, respiratory system; lacrimation (discharge of tears), visual disturbance; conjunctivitis; headache; cough, dyspnea (breathing difficulty); dermatitis
Target Organs
Eyes, skin, respiratory system
Personal Protection/Sanitation
(See protection codes)
Skin:Prevent skin contact
Eyes:Prevent eye contact
Wash skin:When contaminated
Remove:When wet or contaminated
Change:Daily
Provide:Eyewash
First Aid
(See procedures)
Eye:Irrigate immediately
Skin:Soap wash immediately
Breathing:Respiratory support
Swallow:Medical attention immediately
Respirator Recommendations

NIOSH/OSHA

Up to 0.1 mg/m3:
(APF = 50) Any air-purifying full-facepiece respirator equipped with cartridge(s) providing protection against the compound of concern in combination with an N100, R100, or P100 filter.
Click here for information on selection of N, R, or P filters.
(APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or back-mounted canister providing protection against the compound of concern and having an N100, R100, or P100 filter.
Click here for information on selection of N, R, or P filters.
(APF = 50) Any self-contained breathing apparatus with a full facepiece
(APF = 50) Any supplied-air respirator with a full facepiece

Up to 1 mg/m3:
(APF = 2000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode

Emergency or planned entry into unknown concentrations or IDLH conditions:
(APF = 10,000) Any self-contained breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode
(APF = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained positive-pressure breathing apparatus

Escape:
(APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or back-mounted canister providing protection against the compound of concern and having an N100, R100, or P100 filter.
Click here for information on selection of N, R, or P filters.
Any appropriate escape-type, self-contained breathing apparatus

Important additional information about respirator selection

See also
INTRODUCTION   ICSC CARD: 0528
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