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Furfuryl alcohol

Synonyms & Trade Names
2-Furylmethanol, 2-Hydroxymethylfuran
CAS No.
98-00-0
RTECS No.
LU9100000
DOT ID & Guide
2874 153
Formula
C5H6O2
Conversion
1 ppm = 4.01 mg/m3
IDLH
75 ppm
See: 98000
Exposure Limits
NIOSH REL
TWA 10 ppm (40 mg/m3) ST 15 ppm (60 mg/m3) [skin]
OSHA PEL
TWA 50 ppm (200 mg/m3) See Appendix G
Measurement Methods
NIOSH 2505
See: NMAM or OSHA Methods
Physical Description
Colorless to amber liquid with a faint, burning odor. [Note: Darkens on exposure to light.]
Molecular Weight
98.1
Boiling Point
338°F
Freezing Point
6°F
Solubility
Miscible
Vapor Pressure
(77°F): 0.6 mmHg
Ionization Potential
?
Specific Gravity
1.13
Flash Point
149°F
Upper Exposive Limit
16.3%
Lower Explosive Limit
1.8%
Class IIIA Combustible Liquid: Fl.P. at or above 140°F and below 200°F.
Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Strong oxidizers & acids [Note: Contact with organic acids may lead to polymerization.]
Exposure Routes
inhalation, skin absorption, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms
irritation eyes, mucous membrane; dizziness; nausea, diarrhea; diuresis; resp, body temperature depression; vomiting; dermatitis
Target Organs
Eyes, skin, respiratory system, central nervous system
Personal Protection/Sanitation
(See protection codes)
Skin:Prevent skin contact
Eyes:Prevent eye contact
Wash skin:When contaminated
Remove:When wet or contaminated
Change:No recommendation
Provide:Quick drench
First Aid
(See procedures)
Eye:Irrigate immediately
Skin:Water flush immediately
Breathing:Respiratory support
Swallow:Medical attention immediately
Respirator Recommendations

NIOSH

Up to 75 ppm:
(APF = 10) Any chemical cartridge respirator with organic vapor cartridge(s)*
(APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or back-mounted organic vapor canister
(APF = 25) Any powered, air-purifying respirator with organic vapor cartridge(s)*
(APF = 10) Any supplied-air respirator*
(APF = 50) Any self-contained breathing apparatus with a full facepiece

Emergency or planned entry into unknown concentrations or IDLH conditions:
(APF = 10,000) Any self-contained breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode
(APF = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained positive-pressure breathing apparatus

Escape:
(APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or back-mounted organic vapor canister
Any appropriate escape-type, self-contained breathing apparatus

Important additional information about respirator selection

See also
INTRODUCTION   ICSC CARD: 0794   MEDICAL TESTS: 0111
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