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Ethylene chlorohydrin

Synonyms & Trade Names
2-Chloroethanol, 2-Chloroethyl alcohol, Ethylene chlorhydrin
CAS No.
107-07-3
RTECS No.
KK0875000
DOT ID & Guide
1135 131
Formula
CH2ClCH2OH
Conversion
1 ppm = 3.29 mg/m3
IDLH
7 ppm
See: 107073
Exposure Limits
NIOSH REL
C 1 ppm (3 mg/m3) [skin]
OSHA PEL
TWA 5 ppm (16 mg/m3) [skin] See Appendix G
Measurement Methods
NIOSH 2513;
OSHA 7
See: NMAM or OSHA Methods
Physical Description
Colorless liquid with a faint, ether-like odor.
Molecular Weight
80.5
Boiling Point
262°F
Freezing Point
-90°F
Solubility
Miscible
Vapor Pressure
5 mmHg
Ionization Potential
10.90 eV
Specific Gravity
1.20
Flash Point
140°F
Upper Exposive Limit
15.9%
Lower Explosive Limit
4.9%
Class IIIA Combustible Liquid: Fl.P. at or above 140°F and below 200°F.
Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Strong oxidizers, strong caustics, water or steam
Exposure Routes
inhalation, skin absorption, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms
irritation mucous membrane; nausea, vomiting; dizziness, incoordination; numb; visual disturbance; headache; thirst; delirium; low blood pressure; collapse, shock, coma; liver, kidney damage
Target Organs
respiratory system, liver, kidneys, central nervous system, cardiovascular system, eyes
Personal Protection/Sanitation
(See protection codes)
Skin:Prevent skin contact
Eyes:Prevent eye contact
Wash skin:When contaminated
Remove:When wet or contaminated
Change:No recommendation
Provide:Eyewash, Quick drench
First Aid
(See procedures)
Eye:Irrigate immediately
Skin:Water flush immediately
Breathing:Respiratory support
Swallow:Medical attention immediately
Respirator Recommendations

NIOSH

Up to 7 ppm:
(APF = 10) Any supplied-air respirator*
(APF = 50) Any self-contained breathing apparatus with a full facepiece

Emergency or planned entry into unknown concentrations or IDLH conditions:
(APF = 10,000) Any self-contained breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode
(APF = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained positive-pressure breathing apparatus

Escape:
(APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or back-mounted organic vapor canister
Any appropriate escape-type, self-contained breathing apparatus

Important additional information about respirator selection

See also
INTRODUCTION   ICSC CARD: 0236   MEDICAL TESTS: 0101
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