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Dichloroethyl ether

Synonyms & Trade Names
bis(2-Chloroethyl)ether; 2,2'-Dichlorodiethyl ether, 2,2'-Dichloroethyl ether
CAS No.
111-44-4
RTECS No.
KN0875000
DOT ID & Guide
1916 152
Formula
(ClCH2CH2)2O
Conversion
1 ppm = 5.85 mg/m3
IDLH
Ca [100 ppm]
See: 111444
Exposure Limits
NIOSH REL
: Ca TWA 5 ppm (30 mg/m3) ST 10 ppm (60 mg/m3) [skin] See Appendix A
OSHA PEL
: TWA 15 ppm (90 mg/m3) [skin]
Measurement Methods

NIOSH 1004;
OSHA 7
See: NMAM or OSHA Methods
Physical Description
Colorless liquid with a chlorinated solvent-like odor.
MW:
143.0
BP:
352°F
FRZ:
-58°F
Sol:
1%
VP:
0.7 mmHg
IP:
?
Sp.Gr:
1.22
Fl.P:
131°F
UEL:
?
LEL:
2.7%
Class II Combustible Liquid: Fl.P. at or above 100°F and below 140°F.
Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Strong oxidizers [Note: Decomposes in presence of moisture to form hydrochloric acid.]
Exposure Routes
inhalation, skin absorption, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms
irritation nose, throat, respiratory system; lacrimation (discharge of tears); cough; nausea, vomiting; in animals: pulmonary edema; liver damage; [potential occupational carcinogen]
Target Organs
Eyes, respiratory system, liver
Cancer Site
[in animals: liver tumors]
Personal Protection/Sanitation
(See protection codes)
Skin: Prevent skin contact
Eyes: Prevent eye contact
Wash skin: When contaminated
Remove: When wet or contaminated
Change: No recommendation
Provide: Eyewash, Quick drench
First Aid
(See procedures)
Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Soap wash
Breathing: Respiratory support
Swallow: Medical attention immediately
Respirator Recommendations

NIOSH

At concentrations above the NIOSH REL, or where there is no REL, at any detectable concentration:
(APF = 10,000) Any self-contained breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode
(APF = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained positive-pressure breathing apparatus

Escape:
(APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or back-mounted organic vapor canister
Any appropriate escape-type, self-contained breathing apparatus

Important additional information about respirator selection

See also: INTRODUCTION   See ICSC CARD: 0417   See MEDICAL TESTS: 0075
 
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