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Key areas for patient education

Areas where patients should receive education at least yearly and with new access or change in access type: Patients with catheters:

  1. Hand hygiene
  2. General access care at home (e.g., bathing with a catheter)
  3. Signs and symptoms of infection
  4. How to respond if problems with catheter develop outside of the dialysis center
  5. Risks associated with catheters/importance of permanent access
  6. Basic infection control practices during catheter accessing process (as a means to engage patients)

Patients with other access types:

  1. Hand hygiene
  2. Washing the access site prior to treatment
  3. General access care at home (e.g., don’t scratch or pick at the site)
  4. Signs and symptoms of infection
  5. How to respond if problems with access develop outside of the dialysis center
  6. Basic infection control practices during cannulation process (as a means to engage patients)

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