If you are traveling to a country where typhoid fever is common, consider being vaccinated against typhoid fever. Visit a doctor or travel clinic to discuss options. Remember that you should complete the vaccinations at least 1–2 weeks (depending on vaccine type) before you travel so that the vaccine has time to take effect. Typhoid vaccines lose effectiveness after several years. If you were vaccinated in the past, ask your doctor to if it is time for a booster vaccination. Taking antibiotics will not prevent typhoid fever; they only help treat it.
|Vaccine name||How given||Number of doses recommended||Time between doses||How long to complete immunization before travel||Minimum age for vaccination||Booster needed|
|Ty21a (Vivotif, Swiss PaxVax)||1 capsule by mouth||4||2 days||1 week||6 years||Every 5 years|
|ViCPS (Typhim Vi, Sanofi Pasteur)||Injection||1||N/A||2 weeks||2 years||Every 2 years|
The parenteral heat-phenol-inactivated vaccine (manufactured by Wyeth-Ayerst) has been discontinued.
- Find out who should get the typhoid fever vaccine and when >
- Read the typhoid fever and paratyphoid fever chapter in CDC Health Information for International Travel >
- Get information and prevention tips on CDC’s Traveler’s Health site >
- Reduce your chances of getting sick while traveling with these safe eating and drinking tips >