If you are traveling to a country where typhoid is common, you should consider being vaccinated against typhoid. Visit a doctor or travel clinic to discuss your vaccination options. See Vaccine Information Statements (VIS) for more information.
Remember that you will need to complete your vaccination at least 1-2 weeks (dependent upon vaccine type) before you travel so that the vaccine has time to take effect. Typhoid vaccines lose effectiveness after several years; if you were vaccinated in the past, check with your doctor to see if it is time for a booster vaccination. Taking antibiotics will not prevent typhoid fever; they only help treat it.
The chart below provides basic information on typhoid vaccines that are available in the United States.
|Vaccine Name||How Given||Number of Doses Necessary||Time Between Doses||Time immunization should be completed by (before possible exposure)||Minimum Age For Vaccination||Booster Needed Every…|
|Ty21a (Vivotif Berna, Swiss Serum and Vaccine Institute)||1 capsule by mouth||4||2 days||1 week||6 years||5 years|
|ViCPS (Typhim Vi, Pasteur Merieux)||Injection||1||N/A||2 weeks||2 years||2 years|
The parenteral heat-phenol-inactivated vaccine (manufactured by Wyeth-Ayerst) has been discontinued.
Vaccine and Travel Information
- Page last reviewed: March 25, 2013
- Page last updated: May 14, 2013
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