Data and Statistics About Opioid Use During Pregnancy
Timely data help drive public health action for optimal care of pregnant women and children with prenatal exposure to opioids.
Women of reproductive age
About 1 in 3 women of reproductive age filled an opioid prescription each year between 2008 and 2012. [Read article]
Opioid use disorder at delivery
Opioid use disorder rates at delivery have more than quadrupled from 1999 to 2014. [Read article]
Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome (NAS)
In 2014 (the latest data available), a baby was born with NAS every 15 minutes. This means that nearly 100 babies a day were born with NAS, which is about 32,000 babies in a year. [Read articleexternal icon]
Costs of NAS
Care of babies diagnosed with NAS can be costly to the healthcare system. [Read articleexternal icon]
- Among Medicaid-financed births, infants with NAS had an average hospital stay of 16.6 days, costing, on average, more than $19,000. For comparison, a typical infant born at term had an average hospital stay of 3.5 days, costing, on average, about $3,700.
- Among births covered by private insurance, infants with NAS had an average hospital stay of 14.9 days, costing, on average, more than $21,000.
- More than 80% of babies with NAS are covered by Medicaid.
Neonatal abstinence syndrome by state
Data from 28 states during 1999–2013 showed that the occurrence of NAS ranged from a low of 0.7 cases per 1,000 hospital births (Hawaii) to 33.4 cases per 1,000 hospital births (West Virginia) in 2013. The dark gray states on the map had the greatest incidence of NAS, with more than 30 cases per 1,000 hospital births in 2012–2013. [Read article]