Federal One Health Coordination
CDC works closely with the US Department of Agriculture (USDA), the Department of the Interior (DOI), and other federal agencies to exchange information and coordinate One Health activities across the US government.
Addressing zoonotic diseases of concern
In 2017, CDC, USDA, and DOI organized a One Health Zoonotic Disease Prioritization (OHZDP) workshop to further joint efforts to address zoonotic disease challenges in the United States. Participants in the workshop identified eight zoonotic diseases of greatest national concern:
- Zoonotic influenza
- West Nile
- Emerging coronaviruses (such as SARS and MERS, and as of 2020, COVID-19)
- Lyme disease
Following this workshop, the House Appropriations Committee Report that accompanied the 2021 Omnibus Appropriations Bill directed CDC to create a national One Health framework to combat the threat of zoonotic diseases and advance emergency preparedness in the United States. The bill also directs the development of a federal One Health coordination mechanism to strengthen One Health collaboration related to prevention, detection, control, and response for zoonotic diseases and related One Health work across the federal government. CDC, USDA, and DOI are currently working together and with other federal partners to create both the framework and the coordination mechanism at the federal level.
Responding to COVID-19
The COVID-19 pandemic led to the creation of new One Health coordination activities across the US government. One example is the One Health Federal Interagency COVID-19 Coordination (OH-FICC) Group, coordinated by CDC to bring together public health, animal health, and environmental health representatives from more than 20 federal agencies to collaborate and exchange information on the One Health aspects of COVID-19. During the pandemic, members of this group contributed to developing guidance, messaging, and research related to companion animals, wildlife and zoo animals, and production animals; environmental issues; and diagnostics and testing relevant to One Health. CDC also coordinated regular calls with OH-FICC members, state, and nongovernmental partners for information sharing.
Federal One Health partners also investigated spread of SARS-CoV-2 (the virus that causes COVID-19) between people and animals. One Health investigations of animal infections have helped to improve our understanding of how SARS-CoV-2 affects different animal species and the potential role of animals in the spread of the virus. CDC One Health experts have conducted or assisted in investigations of SARS-CoV-2 cases in people and farmed mink, wild animals, domestic animals, and captive animals in zoos in coordination with state and local animal and human health partners as well as federal partners such as USDA and DOI.