California Provisional

State of California
Key Health Indicators
key health indicators
Fertility Rate 52.4 (births per 1,000 women 15-44 years of age)
Teen Birth Rate 11.0 (births per 1,000 females 15-19 years of age)
Cesarean Delivery Rate 30.8 (percentage of all births)
Preterm Birth Rate 8.8 (percentage of all births)
Low Birthweight Rate 6.9 (percentage of all births)
Infant Mortality Rate 3.7 (infant deaths per 1,000 live births)
Life Expectancy (at Birth) 80.9 years (2019)
Marriage Rate 3.2 (marriages per 1,000)
Divorce Rate n/a
Leading Cause of Death Heart Disease
Drug Overdose Death Rate 21.8 (per 100,000)¹
Firearm Injury Death Rate 8.5 (per 100,000)¹
Homicide Rate 6.1 (per 100,000)¹
COVID-19 Death Rate (Q3, 2021) 70.5 (per 100,000)²

¹Death rates are age-adjusted. Refer to source notes below for more detail.

²Data are provisional and subject to change. Quarterly estimates reflect geographic changes in the pandemic’s toll over each three-month period.

* Rankings are from highest to lowest.


All 2020 data are final. 2020 birth data come from the National Vital Statistics System (NVSS) via CDC WONDER; 2020 death data, including leading causes of death, firearm mortality, homicide, drug overdose mortality, and infant mortality, come from the NVSS via CDC WONDER and rankings and rates are based on 2020 age-adjusted death rates. For more information on age-adjustment, refer to this report. Where ranked, states are categorized from highest rate to lowest rate. Although adjusted for variations in age-distribution and population size, differences by state do not take into account other state specific population characteristics that may affect the level of the birth characteristic or mortality. When the number of deaths or births events is small, differences by state may be unreliable due to instability in rates. When the number of deaths is small, rankings by state may be unreliable due to instability in death rates. Marriage and divorce data come from published tables from the Division of Vital Statistics, National Center for Health Statistics, CDC.