CDC’s HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, Sexually Transmitted Infections, and Tuberculosis Prevention Budget
CDC’s programs that prevent and control HIV, viral hepatitis, sexually transmitted infections (STIs), and tuberculosis (TB) protect the nation and help Americans lead healthier and longer lives. CDC works to decrease health disparities while preventing infections throughout the nation and helps to keep teens healthy by educating them on how to avoid these infections.
CDC prioritizes cost-effective, scalable interventions, policies, and research to reduce the incidence of HIV, viral hepatitis, STIs, and TB. all of which have significant personal, societal, and economic costs. Most of CDC investments to prevent and control these conditions fund state, local and territorial health departments, community-based organizations, national organizations, academic institutions, and education agencies (Please see FY2019 Extramural Resources breakdown).
CDC’s HIV, viral hepatitis, sexually transmitted infections (STIs), tuberculosis (TB) and school health programs have been essential to the nation’s public health infrastructure for decades.
CDC funding and training support field staff, including disease intervention specialists (DIS). DIS are frontline public health staff who help identify individuals who may not know they were exposed to STIs, HIV, and TB. These specially-trained staff then connect patients to testing and treatment. DIS are also a critical piece of the public health infrastructure when emergencies and public health threats emerge, protecting Americans from a wide variety of outbreaks and epidemics, including HIV, TB, Ebola, influenza, Zika, and COVID-19. CDC also provides financial assistance and assigns federal employees with on-the-ground experience to state, tribal, local and territorial health departments to reduce HIV, viral hepatitis, STI, and TB infections, link those who test positive to care and treatment, and prevent death. Upon request from state, tribal, local, and territorial health departments, CDC can provide direct assistance, which may include deploying CDC public health advisors or epidemiologists to assist with disease investigations.
The public health crisis involving opioids (including heroin, illicitly manufactured fentanyl, and prescription medications), methamphetamines, and cocaine is fueling a dramatic increase in infectious diseases. CDC uses a comprehensive approach to stop the spread of infectious diseases among people who use drugs.
HIV, viral hepatitis, STI , and TB laboratory services at CDC work around the clock to protect the health of all Americans. These laboratories use vital discoveries and cutting-edge technology, some of which are only available at CDC laboratories.
Between 2005-2019, CDC-supported state and local STD prevention programs prevented 6.1 million sexually transmitted infections and 3,540 STD-attributable HIV, saving $2.8 billion in lifetime medical costs averted over the past 15 years.
For every $1 CDC spent on HIV testing through the Expanded Testing Initiative, an estimated $2 was saved in direct medical costs.
Between 1995 and 2014, U.S. TB control efforts prevented as many as 319,000 cases and saved up to $14.5 billion in costs to society.