Disparities in HIV, Viral Hepatitis, STDs, and TB

Defining Health Disparities

Despite prevention efforts, some groups of people are affected by HIV, viral hepatitis, STDs, and TB more than other groups of people. The occurrence of these diseases at greater levels among certain population groups more than among others is often referred to as a health disparity. Differences may occur by gender, race or ethnicity, education, income, disability, geographic location and sexual orientation among others. Social determinants of health like poverty, unequal access to health care, lack of education, stigma, and racism are linked to health disparities.

African American physician consulting with a patient
Popular Links
  • Photo of African American male
    African AmericansOverview of health disparities found in black communities
  • Photo of hispanic female
    HispanicsSummary of health disparities among Hispanics/Latinos
  • photo of Asian woman
    AsiansInformation on health disparities among Asians in the United States
Social Determinants of Health
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CDC is developing future priorities and identifying best practices for addressing societal factors that increase risk for HIV, Viral Hepatitis, STDs and TB. The goal of these efforts is to help reduce health disparities and promote health equity. For more information, visit NCHHSTP’s Social Determinants of Health website.

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Page last reviewed: September 14, 2020