Chronic Kidney Disease: Common - Serious - Costly

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Chronic Kidney Disease: Common, Serious, Costly. Chronic kidney disease (CKD) causes loss of kidney function over time and may lead to kidney failure or end-stage kidney disease (ESKD).
37 million, more than 1 in 7 us adults may have ckd. 90 percent don't know they have it.

Kidney diseases are the 9th LEADING CAUSE OF DEATH in the United States

Every day more than 340 people begin treatment for kidney failure (dialysis or a kidney transplant).

R I S K
Factors

  • Diabetes
  • High blood pressure
  • Heart disease
  • Obesity
  • Family history of CKD
  • Older age

1 in 3 adults with CKD may have diabetes

1 in 5 adults with high blood pressure may have CKD

TREATMENT LOWERS RISK FOR ESKD

CKD INCREASES RISK FOR:

heart-disease

Heart disease
and heart failure

picture of a brain

Stroke

EKG machine

Early death

Medicare Costs for CKD = $84 Billion for ESKD = $36 Billion

REDUCE COSTS
BY PREVENTING:

  • CKD in people at risk
  • CKD progressing to ESKD
  • Other chronic conditions, including type 2 diabetes and heart disease

CDC’s CKD Initiative collaborates with other government agencies,
universities and national organizations to:

  • Prevent and manage risk factors for CKD
  • Raise awareness of CKD and its complications
  • Promote early diagnosis and management of CKD
  • Improve outcomes for people living with CKD

The CKD Surveillance System documents CKD and its risk factors in the United States and tracks progess in preventing, detecting, and managing CKD. These efforts align with Healthy People objectives for CKD.

Page last reviewed: December 12, 2019