Skip directly to search Skip directly to A to Z list Skip directly to navigation Skip directly to site content Skip directly to page options
CDC Home

Guideline for the Prevention and Control of Norovirus Gastroenteritis Outbreaks in Healthcare Settings, 2011

Taranisia MacCannell, PhD, MSc[1]; Craig A. Umscheid, MD, MSCE [2]; Rajender K. Agarwal, MD, MPH [2]; Ingi Lee, MD, MSCE [2]; Gretchen Kuntz, MSW, MSLIS [2];Kurt B. Stevenson, MD, MPH [3] and the Healthcare Infection Control Practices Advisory Committee (HICPAC) [4]

  1. Division of Healthcare Quality Promotion Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Atlanta, GA
  2. Center for Evidence-based Practice University of Pennsylvania Health System Philadelphia, PA
  3. Division of Infectious Diseases The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH

4 Healthcare Infection Control Practices Advisory Committee (HICPAC)


Brennan, Patrick J., MD
Chief Medical Officer
Division of Infectious Diseases
University of Pennsylvania Health System

Executive Secretary

Bell, Michael R., MD
Deputy Director
Division of Healthcare Quality Promotion
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention


Bratzler, Dale, DO, MPH
Oklahoma Foundation for Medical Quality

Burns, Lillian A., MT, MPH
Infection Control Coordinator Greenwich Hospital, Infectious Diseases Department

Elward, Alexis, MD
Assistant Professor, Pediatrics Infectious Diseases Washington University School o Medicine Department of Pediatrics Division of Infectious Diseases

Huang, Susan, MD, MPH
UC Irvine School of Medicine Division of Infectious Diseases

Lundstrom, Tammy, MD, JD
Chief Medical Officer Providence Hospital

Mccarter, Yvette S., PhD
Director, Clinical Microbiology Laboratory Department of Pathology University of Florida Health Science Center

Murphy, Denise M. MPH, RN, CIC
Vice President, Quality and Patient Safety Main Line Health System

Ostroff, Stephen, MD
Director, Bureau of Epidemiology Pennsylvania Department of Health

Olmsted, Russell N., MPH
Epidemiologist Infection Control Services St. Joseph Mercy Health System (SJMHS)

Pegues, David Alexander, MD
Professor of Medicine, Hospital Epidemiologist David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA

Pronovost, Peter J., MD, PhD, FCCM
Director, Johns Hopkins Quality and Safety Research Group Johns Hopkins Quality and Safety Research Group

Soule, Barbara M., RN, MPA, CIC
Practice Leader Infection Prevention and Control Services Joint Commission Resources/Joint Commission International

Schecter, William, P., MD
Department of Surgery San Francisco General Hospital

Ex-Officio Members

Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ)
Baine, William B., MD
Senior Medical Advisor
Center for Outcomes and Evidence

Center for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS)
Miller, Jeannie, RN, MPH
Deputy Director,
Office of Clinical Standards and Quality

Food and Drug Administration (FDA)
Murphey, Sheila A., MD
Branch Chief, Infection Control Devices
Division of Anesthesiology, General Hospital Infection Control Dental Devices
Center for Devices and Radiology Health

Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA)
Egbert, Nancy, RN, MPH
Senior Clinical Advisor

National Institute of Health (NIH)
Henderson, David, MD
Deputy Director for Clinical Care

Department of Veterans Affairs (VA)
Roselle, Gary A., MD
National Program Director, Infectious Diseases
VA Central Office
Cincinnati VA Medical Center


Advisory Council for the Elimination of Tuberculosis (ACET)
Stricof, Rachel L., MPH
New York State Department of Health

American College of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Russi, Mark, MD, MPH
American College of Occupational and Environmental Medicine

American Health Care Assn (AHCA)
Fitzler, Sandra L., RN
Senior Director of Clinical Services

American Hospital Association (AHA)
Schulman, Roslyne, MHA, MBA
Director, Policy Development

Association of Professionals of Infection Control and Epidemiology, Inc. (APIC)
DeBaun, Barbara, MSN, RN, CIC

Association of periOperative Registered Nursed (AORN)
Blanchard, Joan C., RN, BSN

Council of State and Territorial Epidemiologists (CSTE)
Kainer, Marion MD, MPH
Director, Hospital Infections and Antimicrobial Resistance Program Tennessee Department Health

Consumers Union
Mcgiffert, Lisa
Senior Policy Analyst on Health Issues Project Director Stop Hospital Infections Organization

Infectious Disease Society of America (IDSA)
Huskins, W. Charles MD, MSc
Division of Pediatric Infectious Diseases Assistant Professor of Pediatrics

Public Health Agency of Canada
Paton, Shirley, RN, MN
Senior Advisor Healthcare Acquired Infections Center for Communicable Diseases and Infection Control

Society of Critical Care Medicine
Levy, Mitchell M., MD, FCCM, FCCP
Director, Critical Care Services Rhode Island Hospital

Society for Healthcare Epidemiology of America (SHEA)
Maragakis, Lisa, MD
Assistant Professor of Medicine John Hopkins Medical Institutions

Society of Hospital Medicine
Saint, Sanjay, MD, MPH
Hospitalist Director, Ann Arbor VA Medical Center/University of Michigan Patient Safety Enhancement Program

The Joint Commission
Wise, Robert A., MD Vice President Division of Standards & Survey Methods



HICPAC thanks the following members who served on the HICPAC Norovirus Gastroenteritis Guideline writing group during the guideline development process: Alexis Elward and Keith M. Ramsey.

HICPAC thanks the following experts for reviewing a draft of this guideline: John Boyce, Hospital of St. Raphael, New Haven, CT; Aron Hall, NCIRD, CDC; L. Clifford McDonald, DHQP, CDC; and Umesh Parashar, NCIRD, CDC.  The opinions of the reviewers might not be reflected in all of the recommendations contained in this document.

Disclosure of Financial Interests and Relationships

The authors T.M., C.A.U., R.K.A., I.L., G.K., and K.B.S. report no actual or potential conflicts of interest.  C.A.U., R.K.A. and I.L. received funding from the CDC to support the guideline development process.

Contact Us:
  • Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
    1600 Clifton Rd
    Atlanta, GA 30333
  • 800-CDC-INFO
    TTY: (888) 232-6348
  • Contact CDC–INFO The U.S. Government's Official Web PortalDepartment of Health and Human Services
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention   1600 Clifton Road Atlanta, GA 30329-4027, USA
800-CDC-INFO (800-232-4636) TTY: (888) 232-6348 - Contact CDC–INFO
A-Z Index
  1. A
  2. B
  3. C
  4. D
  5. E
  6. F
  7. G
  8. H
  9. I
  10. J
  11. K
  12. L
  13. M
  14. N
  15. O
  16. P
  17. Q
  18. R
  19. S
  20. T
  21. U
  22. V
  23. W
  24. X
  25. Y
  26. Z
  27. #