Promoting Mental Health and Well-Being in Schools

An Action Guide for School and District Leaders

Attentive female teacher helps female teenage student

At a Glance

Schools are prioritizing students’ mental health, and there are many tools and resources to choose from. CDC created this action guide as a place to start. It can help school and district leaders build on what they are already doing to promote students’ mental health and find new strategies to fill in gaps.

The action guide describes six in-school strategies that are proven to promote and support mental health and well-being. For each strategy, the guide also describes approaches, or specific ways to put the strategy into action, and examples of evidence-based policies, programs, and practices.


School and district leaders of kindergarten through 12th-grade schools (K–12), including principals and leaders of student support teams.


Provide school and district leaders with strategies, approaches, and practices that can improve students’ mental health.

CDC has identified six school-based strategies and associated approaches that can help prevent mental health problems and promote positive behavioral and mental health of students.







Multitiered Systems Of Support

Multitiered Systems of Support (MTSS) are used by many schools and districts to support different levels of students’ needs. The strategies in this action guide can align with schools’ existing MTSS to enhance the work schools have already started.

Why Schools?

Schools help promote the mental health and well-being of students through education, prevention, and early intervention efforts. They provide an opportunity to reach a large number of youth with strategies that can lessen the impact of negative experiences and improve students’ health and well-being.

  • Schools can establish safe and supportive environments.
  • Schools can connect students to caring adults and encourage positive peer relationships.
  • Schools can give students mental health support and link them and their families to community behavioral and mental health services.
  • Schools that promote student mental health and well-being can improve classroom behavior, school engagement, and peer relationships. These factors are connected to academic success.

Additional Resources

Some of the strategies and approaches in this action guide may also improve other important health outcomes, such as experiences of violence and suicide.

CDC has several Resources for Action for preventing violence.