Information for Veterinarians
Veterinarians should be aware of the risk for zoonotic diseases in pets, farm animals, and wildlife, as well as the risk of diseases spreading between animals and their owners. Veterinarians should counsel clients on disease prevention practices, including how to stay safe and healthy around pets and other animals. The following resources include current guidelines on specific zoonotic disease topics, educational resources, and references to disease-specific information.
Zoonoses & One Health Updates (ZOHU) Calls are one-hour monthly webinars that provide timely education on zoonotic and infectious diseases, One Health, and related health threats at the human- animal-environment interface. Earn free Continuing Education with ZOHU Calls.
Guidelines and Recommendations
- Compendium of Measures to Prevent Zoonotic Diseases Associated with Non-Traditional Pets
- Veterinary Safety and Health (The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health)
- Compendium of Measures to Prevent Disease Associated with Animals in Public Settings, 2017 (National Association of State Public Health Veterinarians)
- Compendium of Animal Rabies Prevention and Control, 2016 (National Association of State Public Health Veterinarians)
- Compendium of Measures to Control Chlamydia psittaci Infection Among Humans (Psittacosis) and Pet Birds (Avian Chlamydiosis), 2017 (National Association of State Public Health Veterinarians)
- Compendium of Veterinary Standard Precautions for Zoonotic Disease Prevention in Veterinary Personnel (National Association of State Public Health Veterinarians)
- Antimicrobial Use in Companion Animal Practice (American Veterinary Medical Association)
- State Rabies Vaccination Laws (American Veterinary Medical Association)
- Guidelines for Safe Work Practices in Human and Animal Medical Diagnostic Laboratories [PDF – 105 pages]
CDC offers information for veterinarians on several common zoonotic infections that can spread between animals and people. For details regarding vaccination, treatment, testing, and other topics, please visit the disease-specific pages for veterinarians listed below.
- Anthrax – Worker Safety
- Bartonella for Vets
- Brucellosis for Vets
- Harmful Algal Bloom (HAB)-Associated Illnesses – Reference Cards
- Monkeypox for Vets
- Plague for Vets
- Rabies for Vets
- Seoul Virus – Testing in Pet Rats
- Veterinarians: Protect Your Patients, Combat Antibiotic Resistance
Zoonotic Disease Outbreak Information
In addition to disease-specific information, CDC provides a list of current and recent US outbreaks of zoonotic diseases, including information for veterinarians regarding these outbreaks.
CDC Expert Commentaries
- Animal Lovers and Zoonotic Diseases: 5 Things to Know
Anyone who comes in contact with animals is at risk for zoonotic diseases.
- 5 Hidden Dangers in International Travel
Travel to far-flung, global locations is growing in popularity. Prepare your clients for safe and healthy international travel with these five things to remember.
- Rabies Risk Assessment
Challenge yourself with these cases that illustrate key rabies prevention and treatment situations. Would you know what to do?
- Illnesses Linked to Contact with Pets and Farm Animals
In this slideshow, CDC reviews outbreaks of enteric diseases linked to contact with animals.
- Pet Turtles Can Make People Sick: Guidance for Clinicians
Many people keep small turtles as pets, not realizing that they can cause disease.
- Pets Can Make People Sick
Which furry (and not furry) friends are most likely to transmit infection to humans? Share these precautions with your pet-loving patients.
- Neglected Infections of Poverty – Toxocariasis
Learn about a disease associated with poverty, low education levels, and dog ownership.
- WSAVA Clinician’s Brief: Do Backyard Chickens Pose Any Health Risks to Humans?
- WSAVA Clinician’s Brief: Can Children Get Pinworms from a Pet Dog or Cat?
- WSAVA Clinician’s Brief: Do Pet Reptiles or Amphibians Pose Any Health Risks to Humans?
- Confronting Zoonoses, Linking Human and Veterinary Medicine
- Reducing the risk of pet-associated zoonotic infections
- Antimicrobial-resistant pathogens affecting animal health (American Veterinary Medical Association)
Resources for Clients
- Animal Importation
- Pets & Antibiotic Resistance
- Pet Safety in Emergencies
- Preventing ticks on your pets
- USDA: Biosecurity for Birds
- Rabies: What is the risk for my pet?
- Rabies prevention in animals
- Preventing Seoul virus infection in rats and people
Use these resources to give patients information on staying healthy around animals.
Animal Safety Alert: CYANOBACTERIA BLOOMS – When in doubt, it’s best to keep out!
Stay healthy around pet reptiles and amphibians!
How to check your pet for ticks
- American Veterinary Medical Association (AVMA)
- Association of American Veterinary Medical Colleges (AAVMC)
- Pet Industry Joint Advisory Council (PIJAC)
- National Association of Public Health Veterinarians (NASPHV)
- United States Animal Health Association (USAHA)
- World Small Animal Veterinary Association (WSAVA)
- USDA Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) Animal Health Program