Information for Veterinarians
Veterinarians should be aware of the risk for zoonotic diseases in pets, farm animals, and wildlife, as well as the risk of diseases spreading between animals and their owners. Veterinarians should counsel clients on disease prevention practices, including how to stay safe and healthy around pets and other animals. The following resources include current guidelines on specific zoonotic disease topics, educational resources, and references to disease-specific information.
Zoonoses & One Health Updates (ZOHU) Calls are one-hour monthly webinars that provide timely education on zoonotic and infectious diseases, One Health, and related health threats at the human- animal-environment interface. Earn free Continuing Education with ZOHU Calls.
Guidelines and Recommendations
- Veterinary Safety and Health (The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health)
- Compendium of Measures to Prevent Disease Associated with Animals in Public Settings, 2017External (National Association of State Public Health Veterinarians)
- Compendium of Animal Rabies Prevention and Control, 2016External (National Association of State Public Health Veterinarians)
- Compendium of Measures to Control Chlamydia psittaci Infection Among Humans (Psittacosis) and Pet Birds (Avian Chlamydiosis), 2017External (National Association of State Public Health Veterinarians)
- Compendium of Veterinary Standard Precautions for Zoonotic Disease Prevention in Veterinary PersonnelExternal (National Association of State Public Health Veterinarians)
- Antimicrobial Use in Companion Animal PracticeExternal (American Veterinary Medical Association)
- State Rabies Vaccination LawsExternal (American Veterinary Medical Association)
- Guidelines for Safe Work Practices in Human and Animal Medical Diagnostic Laboratories Cdc-pdf[PDF – 105 pages]
CDC offers information for veterinarians on several common zoonotic infections that can spread between animals and people. For details regarding vaccination, treatment, testing, and other topics, please visit the disease-specific pages for veterinarians listed below.
- Anthrax – Worker Safety
- Bartonella for Vets
- Brucellosis for Vets
- Monkeypox for Vets
- Plague for Vets
- Rabies for Vets
- Seoul Virus – Testing in Pet Rats
Zoonotic Disease Outbreak Information
In addition to disease-specific information, CDC provides a list of current and recent US outbreaks of zoonotic diseases, including information for veterinarians regarding these outbreaks.
CDC Expert Commentaries
- Illnesses Linked to Contact with Pets and Farm Animals
ExternalIn this slideshow, CDC reviews outbreaks of enteric diseases linked to contact with animals.
- Pet Turtles Can Make People Sick: Guidance for Clinicians
ExternalMany people keep small turtles as pets, not realizing that they can cause disease.
- Pets Can Make People Sick
ExternalWhich furry (and not furry) friends are most likely to transmit infection to humans? Share these precautions with your pet-loving patients.
- Neglected Infections of Poverty – Toxocariasis
ExternalLearn about a disease associated with poverty, low education levels, and dog ownership.
- WSAVA Clinician’s Brief: Do Backyard Chickens Pose Any Health Risks to Humans?External
- WSAVA Clinician’s Brief: Can Children Get Pinworms from a Pet Dog or Cat?External
- WSAVA Clinician’s Brief: Do Pet Reptiles or Amphibians Pose Any Health Risks to Humans?External
- Confronting Zoonoses, Linking Human and Veterinary Medicine
- Reducing the risk of pet-associated zoonotic infectionsExternal
Resources for Clients
- Animal Importation
- Pets & Antibiotic Resistance
- Pet Safety in Emergencies
- Preventing ticks on your pets
- USDA: Biosecurity for BirdsExternal
- Rabies: What is the risk for my pet?
- Rabies prevention in animals
- Preventing Seoul virus infection in rats and people
- American Veterinary Medical Association (AVMA)External
- Association of American Veterinary Medical Colleges (AAVMC)External
- Pet Industry Joint Advisory Council (PIJAC)External
- National Association of Public Health Veterinarians (NASPHV)External
- United States Animal Health Association (USAHA)External
- World Small Animal Veterinary Association (WSAVA)External
- USDA Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) Animal Health ProgramExternal