Prevent Cervical Cancer

cervical cancer awareness

Cervical cancer is the fourth most common cancer in women worldwide. It is the leading cause of cancer-related deaths among women. Learn about the appropriate screening tests and the HPV vaccine to help prevent cervical cancer.

All women are at risk for cervical cancer. However, data show it occurs most often in women over the age of 30. Black and Hispanic women experience higher rates of HPV-associated cervical cancer than non-Hispanic women and women of other races and ethnicities. In 2018, there were an estimated 570,000 new cases of cervical cancer worldwide. The common virus human papillomavirus (HPV) causes almost all cervical cancers.  When found early, cervical cancer is highly treatable and associated with long-term quality of life.

Cervical Cancer Prevention

young girl getting hpv vaccine

Prevent cervical cancer with the HPV vaccination

Cervical cancer is a preventable and curable disease if detected early and managed effectively. CDC’s Division of Cancer Prevention and Control (DCPC) leads CDC’s efforts in preventing and detecting cancers early and improving the overall health of cancer survivors. For example, CDC’s Inside Knowledge About Gynecologic Cancer Campaign shares educational materials with communities and healthcare providers on five types of cancers, including cervical, ovarian, uterine, vaginal, and vulvar. CDC’s National Breast and Cervical Cancer Early Detection Program (NBCCEDP) provides breast and cervical cancer screenings, diagnostic, and treatment services to women who have low incomes and are uninsured or underinsured.

Working Together to Reduce Cervical Cancer

We all play a role in preventing cervical cancer. Learn how you can support women in your life reduce their risk for cervical cancer.

What can women do?

What can parents do?

  • Vaccinate both young girls and boys with the HPV vaccine to prevent future cases of HPV-associated cancers.
  • Remind children to be screened for cervical cancer when they are aged 21 years or older.

What can healthcare professionals do?

woman consulting with medical professional

Consult with your medical provider about cervical cancer recommendations and screenings.

What can communities do?

Page last reviewed: January 11, 2022