How You Can Sustain Your Program

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Pharmacists can improve the effectiveness of their lifestyle change program (LCP) and reduce costs for both the pharmacy and program participants by thinking strategically and maximizing the resources available. For example, using different various members of the pharmacy workforce to deliver the program can help manage costs and provide learning opportunities for staff.

Many state and public employee health plans, commercial health plans, self-insured employers, and state Medicaid agencies cover the cost of the National DPP LCP. The program is also covered by Medicare through the MDPP expanded model. Pharmacists can work with their patients to determine if they are eligible for coverage.

In March 2016, CMS certified the expansion of the National DPP into the Medicare program. This change was based on evidence from a model test sponsored by the CMS Innovation Center involving 5,969 Medicare beneficiaries who participated in the program through the YMCA of the USA.

The model test showed an average weight loss of 4.7% for participants who attended at least 4 sessions and 5.2% for those who attended at least 9 sessions. Participants also had fewer emergency department visits and inpatient hospitalizations, which reduced overall health spending. Medicare saved $2,650 per participant over 15 months.

CDC collaborated with the CMS Innovation Center on the model test, providing subject matter expertise, information from applied research studies, and data from the DPRP. MDPP services became available to eligible Medicare beneficiaries on April 1, 2018. About 23 million US adults with prediabetes are 65 or older and could benefit directly from this expansion.

For more information, see the MDPP Expanded Model website.

Health care worker speaking with elderly woman patient

How National Pharmacy Organizations Are  Helping

National pharmacy organizations like the APhA Foundation and NCPA are working to increase the number of pharmacy-based organizations offering the National DPP LCP. Table 4 outlines current APhA and NCPA initiatives to support pharmacies.

Table 4. National Pharmacy Organization National DPP Initiatives
Project Description
APhA Foundation’s Project Impact: Diabetes Prevention The APhA Foundation’s Project Impact: Diabetes Prevention capitalizes on the strengths of each pharmacy partner to build infrastructure to improve delivery of the National DPP LCP. Pharmacists, pharmacy technicians, dietitians, and other health care professionals working in highly accessible pharmacy practice environments are trained to deliver the National DPP LCP to adults at risk of developing type 2 diabetes.

The project uses a hybrid model that includes face-to-face classes, telehealth, and digital technology. This approach helps participants complete the LCP by tailoring classes to their individual needs. The extensive capabilities of the partnering organizations, as well as the use of community outreach and technology solutions, help support delivery of the multimodal program. The APhA Foundation’s current partners are The Kroger Co. and Tabula Rasa HealthCare.

For more information about the APhA Foundation’s work with pharmacies, email your contact information and questions to

NCPA-ADCES-OmniSYS National DPP Project NCPA, in collaboration with the Association of Diabetes Care & Education Specialists (ADCES) and OmniSYS, launched a CDC-funded initiative to lower costs for pharmacies interested in obtaining CDC recognition and offering the National DPP LCP to their patients.

Starting in 2020, NCPA recruited over 40 pharmacies to participate in the initiative. NCPA has since identified several key characteristics that have helped pharmacies effectively implement the program:

  • Previous experience offering diabetes education or management services.
  • Being located in a medically underserved area.
  • Sufficient number of staff dedicated to the project, especially pharmacy technicians.
  • Currently offering five or more clinical services.

For more information about NCPA’s support for pharmacies delivering the National DPP LCP, go to its Want to start a Diabetes Prevention Program at your pharmacy? website.

DPRP Community Pharmacy Program In spring 2022, the APhA Foundation partnered with NCPA to pilot the DPRP Community Pharmacy Program, which identifies high-performing, CDC-recognized community pharmacies that are already providing the National DPP LCP.  The program then provides funding to help patients without health insurance enroll in the National DPP LCP and technical assistance to help pharmacies deliver the LCP.

NCPA recruited five pharmacies, most of which had stopped providing in-person classes because of the COVID-19 pandemic. Support from the APhA Foundation and NCPA helped the pharmacies resume in-person classes. The APhA Foundation also gives pharmacies access to an easy-to-use scheduling, documentation, and reporting platform, as well as assistance with the required DPRP reporting for CDC recognition.

The Pharmacy Workforce Call to Action

The entire pharmacy workforce—including pharmacists and pharmacy technicians, residents, and students—can get involved in supporting the National DPP’s mission to prevent type 2 diabetes. This section describes specific actions that members of the pharmacy team can take to help expand the reach of the National DPP LCP. Table 5 shows team members best positioned for each role.

Table 5. How the Pharmacy Workforce Can Support the National DPP

How the Pharmacy Workforce Can Support the National DPP
Workforce Category Tier 1: Promote Awareness of Prediabetes and the National DPP Among Patients at Risk Tier 2: Screen, Test, Refer, and Enroll Patients Tier 3: Offer the National DPP Lifestyle Change Program
Pharmacists Almost always best positioned for this role Almost always best positioned for this role Often best positioned for this role
Technicians Almost always best positioned for this role Almost always best positioned for this role Almost always best positioned for this role
Residents Almost always best positioned for this role Almost always best positioned for this role Often best positioned for this role
Students Almost always best positioned for this role Often best positioned for this role Sometimes best positioned for this role

Learn about how each member of the pharmacy workforce can support the National DPP in each of the three tiers.