Cancers Associated with Human Papillomavirus in the American Indian and Alaska Native Population, United States—1999–2015

A Native American Family at the park

Cancer incidence data from the central cancer registries have been linked with the Indian Health Service (IHS) patient registration database for improved accuracy of racial classification.

U.S. Cancer Statistics Data Briefs, No. 6
December 2018

  • Persistent human papillomavirus (HPV) infection can progress to certain cancers including cancers of the cervix, penis, vulva, vagina, oropharynx, and anus.
  • Cervical cancer is the most common HPV-associated cancer among American Indian/Alaska Native (AI/AN) women; oropharyngeal cancer is the most common HPV-associated cancer among AI/AN men.
  • AI/AN women have the highest rates of HPV-associated cancer. Incidence rates vary by geographic region with the highest rates occurring in the Northern Plains, Southern Plains, and Alaska.
Suggested Citation

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Cancers associated with human papillomavirus in the American Indian and Alaska Native Population, United States—1999–2015, Purchased/Referred Care Delivery Areas-PRCDA. USCS data brief, no 6. Atlanta, GA: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. 2019.

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Page last reviewed: December 21, 2018