Rates of Any and Exclusive Breastfeeding by Sociodemographics Among Children Born in 2017 (Percentage +/- half 95% Confidence Interval)1,2
Any Breastfeeding Exclusive Breastfeeding
Ever Breastfed Breastfed at 6 Months Breastfed at 12 Months Exclusive Breastfeeding through 3 Months Exclusive Breastfeeding through 6 Months
Sociodemographic Factors n % ± half 95% CI % ± half 95% CI % ± half 95% CI n % ± half 95% CI % ± half 95% CI
US National 20016 84.1±1.0 58.3±1.4 35.3±1.4 19417 46.9±1.4 25.6±1.2
Gender
Male 10458 84.6±1.3 58.6±1.9 34.6±1.9 10134 46.7±2.0 24.3±1.6
Female 9558 83.4±1.6 57.9±2.0 36.0±2.0 9283 47.1±2.1 26.9±1.9
Race/Ethnicity
Hispanic 4376 84.1±2.4 55.4±3.3 33.9±3.3 4282 41.5±3.3 21.5±2.7
Non-Hispanic White 11112 86.7±1.2 61.9±1.7 38.2±1.7 10765 52.4±1.8 28.7±1.5
Non-Hispanic Black 1851 73.7±3.5 47.8±3.7 26.1±3.3 1805 38.7±3.7 21.2±3.4
Non-Hispanic Asian 855 90.0±3.3 73.5±5.0 50.0±6.7 811 47.7±6.9 26.8±6.7
Non-Hispanic Hawaiian/Pacific Islander 105 85.2±9.6 NA NA 100 NA NA
Non-Hispanic American Indian/Alaska Native 257 80.7±8.5 NA NA 252 NA NA
2 or more races 1460 83.7±3.3 56.5±5.5 31.0±5.4 1402 43.9±5.8 26.6±6.0
Maternal Education
Less than high school 1841 73.6±3.8 49.0±4.5 28.9±4.4 1803 30.8±4.0 17.1±3.5
High school graduate 3571 75.6±2.5 44.1±2.9 25.7±2.7 3467 41.7±3.0 21.5±2.7
Some college or technical school 5101 84.7±2.0 53.6±2.9 31.1±2.7 4960 45.4±2.9 23.3±2.3
College graduate 9503 93.3±0.9 74.0±1.7 46.6±2.0 9187 57.2±2.1 32.8±2.0
Maternal Age
Younger than age 20 183 74.0±9.4 NA NA 178 NA 18.7±8.4
20 - 29 6612 82.4±1.6 50.9±2.3 28.6±2.2 6462 45.4±2.4 24.2±2.1
30 or older 13221 85.2±1.4 62.7±1.7 39.2±1.8 12777 47.8±1.8 26.5±1.6
Poverty Income Ratio3
Less than 100 4327 76.6±2.2 46.9±2.8 27.0±2.7 4237 39.1±2.9 20.0±2.4
100 - 199 3875 80.3±2.6 52.1±3.2 31.9±2.9 3759 42.7±3.2 23.8±2.8
200 - 399 5298 86.4±2.3 61.8±2.9 39.0±2.7 5114 49.9±2.9 28.6±2.4
400 - 599 3185 91.8±1.6 67.0±3.7 41.0±3.7 3086 54.7±3.9 29.3±3.4
600 or greater 3331 93.1±1.5 75.7±2.6 45.1±3.5 3221 56.3±3.5 30.6±3.2
Marital Status4
Married 14089 89.7±1.0 68.2±1.6 43.7±1.7 13617 53.7±1.7 30.6±1.6
Unmarried 5927 75.1±2.1 42.5±2.5 21.8±2.1 5800 36.1±2.4 17.6±1.9
Geographic Location5
Metropolitan 16572 84.9±1.1 59.6±1.5 36.1±1.5 16067 47.4±1.6 25.8±1.4
Non-metropolitan 3444 77.5±3.2 47.7±3.3 28.4±2.6 3350 42.6±3.3 23.5±2.5
Birth Order
First born 7757 85.0±1.6 55.6±2.3 33.4±2.3 7523 42.9±2.4 22.3±1.9
Not first born 12259 83.5±1.3 59.9±1.7 36.4±1.7 11894 49.3±1.8 27.5±1.6
Receiving WIC6
Yes 7732 77.0±1.7 45.4±2.2 24.8±2.1 7550 37.3±2.2 19.0±1.9
No, but eligible 1747 82.1±4.6 61.3±4.6 43.4±4.3 1689 53.8±4.6 31.1±3.9
Ineligible 10401 92.1±1.1 71.4±1.8 44.8±2.0 10056 55.7±2.0 31.3±1.8

1Data from the U.S. territories are excluded from the national breastfeeding estimates to be consistent with the analytical methods for the establishment of Healthy People 2020 targets on breastfeeding.

2Exclusive breastfeeding is defined as ONLY breast milk - NO solids, no water, and no other liquids.

3Poverty Income Ratio = Ratio of self-reported family income to the federal poverty threshold value depending on the number of people in the household.

4Unmarried includes never married, widowed, separated, divorced and living with partners.

5Metropolitan area is defined by the Census Bureau.

6WIC = Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children. Individuals who did not provide information on WIC status were excluded from analysis of this variable. NA = Estimate not available because the 95% CI was ≥20.

Source: National Immunization Survey, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Department of Health and Human Services.