Rates of Any and Exclusive Breastfeeding by Socio-demographics among Children Born in 2015 (Percentage +/- half 95% Confidence Interval)1,2
Rates of Any and Exclusive Breastfeeding by Socio-demographics among Children Born in 2015 (Percentage +/- half 95% Confidence Interval)1,2
  Any Breastfeeding Exclusive Breastfeeding
Ever Breastfed Breastfed at 6 Months Breastfed at 12 Months Exclusive Breastfeeding
through 3 Months
Exclusive Breastfeeding
through 6 Months
Socio-demographic Factors n % ± half 95% CI % ± half 95% CI % ± half 95% CI n % ± half 95% CI % ± half 95% CI
U.S. National 17673 83.2±1.0 57.6±1.4 35.9±1.3 17102 46.9±1.4 24.9±1.2
Gender
Male 9162 83.1±1.4 56.8±1.8 35.3±1.8 8874 46.1±1.9 24.0±1.5
Female 8511 83.3±1.5 58.5±2.0 36.6±2.0 8228 47.8±2.1 26.0±1.8
Race/Ethnicity
Hispanic 3723 84.6±2.4 54.1±3.3 32.6±3.1 3636 42.2±3.3 20.9±2.6
Non-Hispanic White 9907 85.9±1.2 62.0±1.6 39.8±1.6 9537 53.0±1.7 29.5±1.6
Non-Hispanic Black 1607 69.4±3.5 44.7±3.8 24.0±3.2 1573 36.0±3.8 17.2±3.1
Non-Hispanic Asian 796 89.3±3.5 72.2±5.2 50.3±6.8 767 45.7±7.0 30.1±5.8
Non-Hispanic Hawaiian/Pacific Islander 95 83.0±13.8 57.8±16.3 24.4±11.7 89 45.3±16.6 29.0±15.1
Non-Hispanic American Indian/Alaska Native 265 76.4±11.3 55.0±12.4 31.3±10.7 257 44.6±12.1 19.6±7.2
2 or more races 1280 82.5±3.8 55.5±5.0 35.9±5.0 1243 46.5±5.1 21.9±3.8
Maternal Education
Less than high school 1787 74.4±3.5 47.9±4.3 30.3±4.1 1743 35.3±4.4 19.0±3.6
High school graduate 3060 72.8±2.6 43.0±2.9 23.9±2.4 2983 36.9±2.9 17.8±2.3
Some college or technical school 4406 85.2±1.8 53.6±2.8 31.4±2.5 4288 47.3±2.8 23.7±2.2
College graduate 8420 92.2±1.1 73.2±1.7 48.6±2.0 8088 57.9±2.0 32.8±1.9
Poverty Income Ratio3
Less than 100 4107 74.4±2.2 43.6±2.7 26.5±2.3 4020 34.8±2.6 16.4±1.9
100 – 199 3375 82.5±2.3 53.6±3.1 32.7±2.8 3271 46.9±3.2 24.3±2.7
200 – 399 4483 87.3±2.0 64.1±2.6 41.1±2.6 4325 54.1±2.6 30.4±2.4
400 – 599 2780 91.0±1.8 71.0±3.1 45.4±3.6 2679 56.5±3.7 30.1±3.2
600 or greater 2928 90.4±2.4 72.4±3.2 45.0±3.7 2807 54.4±3.7 32.1±3.6
Marital Status4
Married 12599 88.6±1.0 67.5±1.5 44.4±1.7 12143 53.2±1.7 30.0±1.5
Unmarried 5074 74.0±2.1 40.8±2.4 21.4±1.9 4959 36.4±2.4 16.5±1.9
Birth Order
Not first born 10765 82.2±1.4 57.5±1.8 36.7±1.7 10418 48.2±1.8 26.0±1.5
First born 6908 84.8±1.5 57.7±2.1 34.7±2.1 6684 45.0±2.2 23.2±1.8
Receiving WIC5
Yes 7241 76.7±1.7 44.5±2.1 25.4±1.9 7075 38.0±2.1 17.8±1.6
No, but eligible 1522 83.3±3.7 65.8±4.1 47.2±4.2 1449 51.2±4.3 29.7±3.7
Ineligible 8795 91.7±1.0 72.6±1.7 47.4±1.9 8468 57.8±1.9 33.1±1.8

1Data from the U.S. territories are excluded from the national breastfeeding estimates to be consistent with the analytical methods for the establishment of Healthy People 2020 targets on breastfeeding.

2Exclusive breastfeeding is defined as ONLY breast milk — NO solids, no water, and no other liquids.

3Poverty Income Ratio = Ratio of self-reported family income to the federal poverty threshold value depending on the number of people in the household.

4Unmarried includes never married, widowed, separated, divorced and living with partners.

5WIC = Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children. Individuals who did not provide information on WIC status were excluded from analysis of this variable.

Source: National Immunization Survey, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Department of Health and Human Services