Rates of Any and Exclusive Breastfeeding by Socio-demographics among Children Born in 2014 (Percentage +/- half 95% Confidence Interval)a,b
Any Breastfeeding Exclusive Breastfeeding
Ever Breastfed Breastfed at 6 Months Breastfed at 12 Months Exclusive Breastfeeding through 3 Months Exclusive Breastfeeding through 6 Months
Socio-demographic Factors n % ± half 95% CI % ± half 95% CI % ± half 95% CI n % ± half 95% CI % ± half 95% CI
US National 17109 82.5±1.1 55.3±1.4 33.7±1.3 16522 46.6±1.4 24.9±1.3
Gender
Male 8803 82.5±1.5 54.8±2.0 33.8±1.9 8506 46.6±2.0 23.8±1.6
Female 8306 82.4±1.5 55.8±2.0 33.5±1.9 8016 46.5±2.0 26.0±1.9
Race/Ethnicity
Hispanic 3275 84.8±2.4 52.5±3.5 31.7±3.4 3197 45.5±3.6 24.5±3.4
Non-Hispanic White 9742 85.7±1.1 60.0±1.6 37.8±1.6 9375 51.5±1.7 27.9±1.5
Non-Hispanic Black 1666 68.0±3.5 41.5±3.7 21.5±3.1 1620 32.7±3.5 15.0±2.7
Non-Hispanic Asian 796 80.7±7.3 61.9±7.1 37.5±6.3 757 44.3±7.0 27.6±6.4
Non-Hispanic Hawaiian/Pacific Islander 117 79.9±13.2 68.1±13.5 31.7±12.3 114 59.5±14.7 29.9±12.0
Non-Hispanic American Indian/Alaska Native 259 79.5±7.1 52.8±10.1 29.7±9.8 252 51.2±10.2 26.5±10.2
2 or more races 1254 79.9±3.6 53.4±4.8 32.8±4.9 1207 42.5±4.9 21.2±4.7
Maternal Education
Less than high school 1578 73.3±4.1 42.4±4.5 26.6±4.3 1539 34.0±4.5 18.0±4.1
High school graduate 3033 72.9±2.7 40.9±3.5 22.9±3.1 2964 38.3±3.5 21.0±3.4
Some college or technical school 4380 83.4±1.7 51.7±2.6 29.9±2.4 4245 44.6±2.6 21.8±2.1
College graduate 8118 92.1±1.0 72.5±1.7 46.2±1.9 7774 58.6±1.9 32.2±1.7
Maternal Age
Under 20 21 NA NA NA 20 NA NA
20 - 29 5975 79.0±1.8 44.6±2.3 25.3±2.1 5803 41.3±2.3 21.0±2.1
30 or older 11113 84.8±1.3 62.4±1.7 39.2±1.7 10699 50.1±1.8 27.5±1.7
Poverty Income Ratioc
Less than 100 3882 73.2±2.4 42.1±2.9 25.6±2.7 3793 34.2±2.9 16.9±2.5
100 - 199 3388 81.9±2.1 51.8±3.2 29.7±2.8 3277 47.5±3.3 25.7±3.3
200 - 399 4425 85.2±2.2 59.9±2.8 37.5±2.5 4275 51.7±2.8 28.7±2.3
400 - 599 2691 92.6±1.5 70.7±2.9 42.2±3.1 2571 58.0±3.2 30.2±2.9
600 or greater 2723 92.4±1.6 71.3±2.9 45.4±3.5 2606 56.7±3.3 32.2±3.3
Marital Statusd
Married 12216 88.6±1.1 66.4±1.6 41.4±1.6 11749 54.0±1.7 30.1±1.5
Unmarried 4893 72.5±2.1 37.2±2.6 21.1±2.3 4773 34.7±2.6 16.5±2.4
Birth Order
Not first born 10248 81.0±1.5 54.9±1.9 33.2±1.7 9929 46.7±1.9 24.5±1.6
First born 6861 84.8±1.5 55.8±2.2 34.3±2.3 6593 46.3±2.3 25.5±2.2
Receiving WICe
Yes 7077 75.5±1.8 42.4±2.2 24.6±2.0 6906 36.5±2.2 18.5±2.0
No, but eligible 1373 83.4±3.7 60.0±4.5 39.5±4.2 1322 53.2±4.6 30.8±4.0
Ineligible 8535 91.7±1.0 71.5±1.6 44.5±1.9 8184 58.9±1.8 32.4±1.7

aBreastfeeding rates presented in this table are based on dual-frame (landline and cellular telephone) samples from the 2015 and 2016 National Immunization Surveys. Data from U.S. territories are excluded from these national estimates to be consistent with the methods used for the establishment of Healthy People 2020 targets on breastfeeding. See survey methods for details on study design.

bExclusive breastfeeding is defined as ONLY breast milk - NO solids, no water, and no other liquids.

cPoverty Income Ratio = Ratio of self-reported family income to the federal poverty threshold value depending on the number of people in the household.

dUnmarried includes never married, widowed, separated, divorced and living with partners.

eWIC = Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children. Individuals who did not provide information on WIC status were excluded from analysis of this variable.

NA: Data not available because sample size is insufficient.

Source: National Immunization Survey, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Department of Health and Human Services.